Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B (CMT1B) and Déjerine-Sottas syndrome type B (DSSB) are caused by missense or frameshift mutations of myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene. We identified an apparently silent synonymous c.411C>T transition in MPZ exon 3 (p.Gly137Gly) which segregated with DSS in a two-generation pedigree. Retro-transcriptional analysis of MPZ in the proband's archive sural nerve biopsy identified an r.410_448del mutant transcript which resulted from an activated cryptic splice site in exon 3 and led to an in-frame partial deletion of exon 3 (p.Gly137_Lys149del). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) compared with two unrelated CMT1B nerves carrying a frameshift c.306delA mutation (p.Asp104ThrfsX13) indicated that the r.410_448del was stable differing from the p.Asp104ThrfsX13-associated transcript which was subjected to nonsense-mediated decay. The report highlighted the possible pathogenic role of synonymous MPZ mutations and difficulties in interpreting results from routine mutational screenings.

Déjerine-Sottas syndrome with a silent nucleotide change of myelin protein zero gene.

TAIOLI, Federica;CABRINI, Ilaria;CAVALLARO, Tiziana;SIMONATI, Alessandro;TESTI, Silvia;FABRIZI, Gian Maria
2011

Abstract

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B (CMT1B) and Déjerine-Sottas syndrome type B (DSSB) are caused by missense or frameshift mutations of myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene. We identified an apparently silent synonymous c.411C>T transition in MPZ exon 3 (p.Gly137Gly) which segregated with DSS in a two-generation pedigree. Retro-transcriptional analysis of MPZ in the proband's archive sural nerve biopsy identified an r.410_448del mutant transcript which resulted from an activated cryptic splice site in exon 3 and led to an in-frame partial deletion of exon 3 (p.Gly137_Lys149del). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) compared with two unrelated CMT1B nerves carrying a frameshift c.306delA mutation (p.Asp104ThrfsX13) indicated that the r.410_448del was stable differing from the p.Asp104ThrfsX13-associated transcript which was subjected to nonsense-mediated decay. The report highlighted the possible pathogenic role of synonymous MPZ mutations and difficulties in interpreting results from routine mutational screenings.
aberrant splicing; Déjerine-Sottas syndrome; myelin protein zero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/351838
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