Children with cochlear implants (CIs) display great variability in their vocabulary outcomes (Majorano et al., 2018), despite early implantation (Boons et al., 2013). Early vocabulary building abilities may be affected by individual differences in music exposure and engagement and in parent musicality, as these factors were found to be associated with language skills in children with typical and atypical development (Ladányi et al., 2020; Nayak et al., 2021; Torppa & Huotilainen, 2019). This study investigates this hypothesis by testing 16 Italian cochlear-implanted children with severe to profound hearing loss before implantation (mean age=16 months, SD=7.7, range=9-32) and three, six, and twelve months after implantation. Children’s vocabulary knowledge was investigated using the MacArthur-Bates-Communication Development Inventory (MB-CDI) and video-recordings of mother-child interactions at each session. Children’s music exposure was recorded continuously over the first year after implantation by the children’s devices and analyzed using data logs. Music exposure and maternal musicality were investigated using additional self-report questionnaires (Müllensiefen et al., 2014; Politimou et al., 2019). Preliminary analyses on the MB-CDI scores with maternal education as covariate showed that mothers’ musicality predicted the expressive vocabulary that children achieved three months after implantation. Linear regressions on children’s receptive vocabulary at three months after implantation showed a significant effect of the average daily exposure received to music in the first three months after implantation. In both cases, adding the additional musical variables in the models on children’s vocabulary significantly improved the proportion of variance explained. These results suggest that inherited musical abilities from mothers and music exposure and engagement in the first few months after implantation are important factors affecting expressive and receptive vocabulary acquisition in infants and toddlers with CIs. These findings support the idea that music activities enhance language development in children with CIs, with important implications for music programs, clinicians, and families.

Are vocabulary outcomes in children with cochlear implants affected by music exposure and maternal musicality?

Persici V.;Santangelo M.;Majorano M.
2022

Abstract

Children with cochlear implants (CIs) display great variability in their vocabulary outcomes (Majorano et al., 2018), despite early implantation (Boons et al., 2013). Early vocabulary building abilities may be affected by individual differences in music exposure and engagement and in parent musicality, as these factors were found to be associated with language skills in children with typical and atypical development (Ladányi et al., 2020; Nayak et al., 2021; Torppa & Huotilainen, 2019). This study investigates this hypothesis by testing 16 Italian cochlear-implanted children with severe to profound hearing loss before implantation (mean age=16 months, SD=7.7, range=9-32) and three, six, and twelve months after implantation. Children’s vocabulary knowledge was investigated using the MacArthur-Bates-Communication Development Inventory (MB-CDI) and video-recordings of mother-child interactions at each session. Children’s music exposure was recorded continuously over the first year after implantation by the children’s devices and analyzed using data logs. Music exposure and maternal musicality were investigated using additional self-report questionnaires (Müllensiefen et al., 2014; Politimou et al., 2019). Preliminary analyses on the MB-CDI scores with maternal education as covariate showed that mothers’ musicality predicted the expressive vocabulary that children achieved three months after implantation. Linear regressions on children’s receptive vocabulary at three months after implantation showed a significant effect of the average daily exposure received to music in the first three months after implantation. In both cases, adding the additional musical variables in the models on children’s vocabulary significantly improved the proportion of variance explained. These results suggest that inherited musical abilities from mothers and music exposure and engagement in the first few months after implantation are important factors affecting expressive and receptive vocabulary acquisition in infants and toddlers with CIs. These findings support the idea that music activities enhance language development in children with CIs, with important implications for music programs, clinicians, and families.
music exposure
vocabulary
cochlear implant
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1064644
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