The second most common form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) follows an X-linked dominant inheritance pattern (CMTX1), referring to mutations in the gap junction protein beta 1 gene (GJB1) that affect connexin 32 protein (Cx32) and its ability to form gap junctions in the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves. Despite the advances of next-generation sequencing (NGS), attention has only recently also focused on noncoding regions. We describe two unrelated families with a c.-17+1G>T transversion in the 5′ untranslated region (UTR) of GJB1 that cosegregates with typical features of CMTX1. As suggested by in silico analysis, the mutation affects the regulatory sequence that controls the proper splicing of the intron in the corresponding mRNA. The retention of the intron is also associated with reduced levels of the transcript and the loss of immunofluorescent staining for Cx32 in the nerve biopsy, thus supporting the hypothesis of mRNA instability as a pathogenic mechanism in these families. Therefore, our report corroborates the role of 5′ UTR of GJB1 in the pathogenesis of CMTX1 and emphasizes the need to include this region in routine GJB1 screening, as well as in NGS panels.

Aberrant splicing in GJB1 and the relevance of 5′ UTR in CMTX1 pathogenesis

Boso, Federica;Taioli, Federica;Cabrini, Ilaria;Cavallaro, Tiziana;Fabrizi, Gian Maria
2021

Abstract

The second most common form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) follows an X-linked dominant inheritance pattern (CMTX1), referring to mutations in the gap junction protein beta 1 gene (GJB1) that affect connexin 32 protein (Cx32) and its ability to form gap junctions in the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves. Despite the advances of next-generation sequencing (NGS), attention has only recently also focused on noncoding regions. We describe two unrelated families with a c.-17+1G>T transversion in the 5′ untranslated region (UTR) of GJB1 that cosegregates with typical features of CMTX1. As suggested by in silico analysis, the mutation affects the regulatory sequence that controls the proper splicing of the intron in the corresponding mRNA. The retention of the intron is also associated with reduced levels of the transcript and the loss of immunofluorescent staining for Cx32 in the nerve biopsy, thus supporting the hypothesis of mRNA instability as a pathogenic mechanism in these families. Therefore, our report corroborates the role of 5′ UTR of GJB1 in the pathogenesis of CMTX1 and emphasizes the need to include this region in routine GJB1 screening, as well as in NGS panels.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth
CMT
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMTX1)
Connexin 32
GJB1
5′ UTR
noncoding
splicing
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
brainsci-11-00024.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: CC BY 4.0 publisher's version
Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.79 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.79 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1033343
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact