Saccharomyces cerevisiae starter cultures are largely used in winemaking to repress the wild microorganisms and achieve more predictable and desired outcomes. Notwithstanding, alternative microbial resources received increasing attention for their potential to produce wines with more distinctive and typical features. Our previous survey revealed a great inter- and intra-species diversity in an extensive collection of non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts from multiple regions of Italy. This study aimed to explore the detected biodiversity evaluating the quality of wines obtained by sequential inoculation of specific selected strains of the collection (Lachancea thermotolerans or Metschnikowia spp. or Starmerella bacillaris), and S. cerevisiae EC 1118. Fermentations of natural grape must at laboratory scale were followed by microbiological, chemical and sensorial analysis of the wines. The results indicated that each yeast species and strain exerted a distinctive impact on the wine, giving final products clearly separated with Principal Component Analysis. In particular, L. thermotolerans contributed producing relevant amounts of lactic acid and had the highest potential to reduce ethanol content; the presence of S. bacillaris increased the level of glycerol, and, remarkably, reduced acetaldehyde and total SO2; Metschnikowia spp. promoted the formation of higher alcohols and esters, and reduced volatile phenols. The sensory analysis based on the orthonasal aroma confirmed the separation between the wines obtained with the sequential fermentations and the control with single inoculation of EC 1118, although the three non-Saccharomyces species used could not be clearly distinguishable by the panelists. This study indicates that the use of selected native non-Saccharomyces strains in conjunction with S. cerevisiae positively modulates some relevant chemical parameters, and improves the aromatic intensity of wine, therefore justifying investments in non-conventional yeasts as co-starter cultures.

Contribution of non-Saccharomyces yeasts to wine volatile and sensory diversity: A study on Lachancea thermotolerans, Metschnikowia spp. and Starmerella bacillaris strains isolated in Italy

Binati, Renato L.;Luzzini, Giovanni;Slaghenaufi, Davide;Ugliano, Maurizio;Torriani, Sandra
2020-01-01

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae starter cultures are largely used in winemaking to repress the wild microorganisms and achieve more predictable and desired outcomes. Notwithstanding, alternative microbial resources received increasing attention for their potential to produce wines with more distinctive and typical features. Our previous survey revealed a great inter- and intra-species diversity in an extensive collection of non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts from multiple regions of Italy. This study aimed to explore the detected biodiversity evaluating the quality of wines obtained by sequential inoculation of specific selected strains of the collection (Lachancea thermotolerans or Metschnikowia spp. or Starmerella bacillaris), and S. cerevisiae EC 1118. Fermentations of natural grape must at laboratory scale were followed by microbiological, chemical and sensorial analysis of the wines. The results indicated that each yeast species and strain exerted a distinctive impact on the wine, giving final products clearly separated with Principal Component Analysis. In particular, L. thermotolerans contributed producing relevant amounts of lactic acid and had the highest potential to reduce ethanol content; the presence of S. bacillaris increased the level of glycerol, and, remarkably, reduced acetaldehyde and total SO2; Metschnikowia spp. promoted the formation of higher alcohols and esters, and reduced volatile phenols. The sensory analysis based on the orthonasal aroma confirmed the separation between the wines obtained with the sequential fermentations and the control with single inoculation of EC 1118, although the three non-Saccharomyces species used could not be clearly distinguishable by the panelists. This study indicates that the use of selected native non-Saccharomyces strains in conjunction with S. cerevisiae positively modulates some relevant chemical parameters, and improves the aromatic intensity of wine, therefore justifying investments in non-conventional yeasts as co-starter cultures.
2020
Co-starter cultures; Non-conventional yeasts; Sensory analysis; Volatile profile; Wine quality
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1013433
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