In modern adaptive optics systems, lightly damped sinusoidal oscillations resulting from telescope structural vibrations have a signicant deleterious impact on the quality of the image collected at the detector plane. Such oscillations are often at frequencies beyond the bandwidth of the wave-front controller that therefore is either incapable of rejecting them or might even amplify their detrimental impact on the overall AO performance. A technique for the rejection of periodic disturbances acting at the output of unknown plants, which has been recently presented in literature, has been adapted to the problem of rejecting vibrations in AO loops. The proposed methodology aims at estimating phase and amplitude of the harmonic disturbance together with the response of the unknown plant at the frequency of vibration. On the basis of such estimates, a control signal is generated to cancel out the periodic perturbation. Additionally, the algorithm can be easily extended to cope with unexpected time variations of the vibrations frequency by adding a frequency tracking module based either on a simple PLL architecture or on a classical extended Kalman lter. Oversampling can be also easily introduced to eciently correct for vibrations approaching the sampling frequency. The approach presented in this contribution is compared against a dierent algorithm for vibration rejection available in literature, in order to identify drawbacks and advantages. Finally, the performance of the proposed vibration cancellation technique has been tested in realistic scenarios dened exploiting tip/tilt measurements from MACAO and NACO

On the rejection of vibrations in Adaptive Optics Systems

MURADORE, Riccardo;
2012

Abstract

In modern adaptive optics systems, lightly damped sinusoidal oscillations resulting from telescope structural vibrations have a signicant deleterious impact on the quality of the image collected at the detector plane. Such oscillations are often at frequencies beyond the bandwidth of the wave-front controller that therefore is either incapable of rejecting them or might even amplify their detrimental impact on the overall AO performance. A technique for the rejection of periodic disturbances acting at the output of unknown plants, which has been recently presented in literature, has been adapted to the problem of rejecting vibrations in AO loops. The proposed methodology aims at estimating phase and amplitude of the harmonic disturbance together with the response of the unknown plant at the frequency of vibration. On the basis of such estimates, a control signal is generated to cancel out the periodic perturbation. Additionally, the algorithm can be easily extended to cope with unexpected time variations of the vibrations frequency by adding a frequency tracking module based either on a simple PLL architecture or on a classical extended Kalman lter. Oversampling can be also easily introduced to eciently correct for vibrations approaching the sampling frequency. The approach presented in this contribution is compared against a dierent algorithm for vibration rejection available in literature, in order to identify drawbacks and advantages. Finally, the performance of the proposed vibration cancellation technique has been tested in realistic scenarios dened exploiting tip/tilt measurements from MACAO and NACO
Adaptive Optics; Vibration rejection
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/629552
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