Objectives We tested whether the 2012 Briganti nomogram for the risk of pelvic lymph node invasion (PLNI) may represent a predictor of disease progression after surgical management in high-risk (HR) prostate cancer (PCa) patients according to the European Association of Urology. Methods Between January 2013 and December 2021, HR PCa patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) were identified. The 2012 Briganti nomogram was evaluated as a continuous and categorical variable, which was dichotomized using the median. The risk of disease progression, defined as the event of biochemical recurrence and/or local recurrence/distant metastases was assessed by Cox regression models. Results Overall, 204 patients were identified. The median 2012 Briganti nomogram score resulted 12.0% (IQR: 6.0–22.0%). PLNI was detected in 57 (27.9%) cases. Compared to patients who had preoperatively a 2012 Briganti nomogram score ≤12%, those with a score >12% were more likely to present with higher percentage of biopsy positive cores, palpable tumors at digital rectal examination, high-grade cancers at prostate biopsies, and unfavorable pathology in the surgical specimen. At multivariable Cox regression analyses, disease progression, which occurred in 85 (41.7%) patients, was predicted by the 2012 Briganti nomogram score (HR: 1.02; 95%CI: 1.00–1.03; p = 0.012), independently by tumors presenting as palpable (HR: 1.78; 95%CI: 1.10.2.88; p = 0.020) or the presence of PLNI in the surgical specimen (HR: 3.73; 95%CI: 2.10–5.13; p = 0.012). Conclusions The 2012 Briganti nomogram represented an independent predictor of adverse prognosis in HR PCa patients treated with RARP and ePLND. As the score increased, so patients were more likely to experience disease progression, independently by the occurrence of PLNI. The association between the nomogram, unfavorable pathology and tumor behavior might turn out to be useful for selecting a subset of patients needing different treatment paradigms in HR disease.

The 2012 Briganti nomogram predicts disease progression after surgery in high-risk prostate cancer patients

Orlando, Rossella;Serafin, Emanuele;Mazzucato, Giovanni;Montanaro, Francesca;Baielli, Alberto;Artoni, Francesco;Ditonno, Francesco;Roggero, Luca;Franceschini, Andrea;Boldini, Michele;Treccani, Lorenzo Pierangelo;Brunelli, Matteo;De Marco, Vincenzo;Cerruto, Maria Angela;Bertolo, Riccardo;Antonelli, Alessandro
2024-01-01

Abstract

Objectives We tested whether the 2012 Briganti nomogram for the risk of pelvic lymph node invasion (PLNI) may represent a predictor of disease progression after surgical management in high-risk (HR) prostate cancer (PCa) patients according to the European Association of Urology. Methods Between January 2013 and December 2021, HR PCa patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) were identified. The 2012 Briganti nomogram was evaluated as a continuous and categorical variable, which was dichotomized using the median. The risk of disease progression, defined as the event of biochemical recurrence and/or local recurrence/distant metastases was assessed by Cox regression models. Results Overall, 204 patients were identified. The median 2012 Briganti nomogram score resulted 12.0% (IQR: 6.0–22.0%). PLNI was detected in 57 (27.9%) cases. Compared to patients who had preoperatively a 2012 Briganti nomogram score ≤12%, those with a score >12% were more likely to present with higher percentage of biopsy positive cores, palpable tumors at digital rectal examination, high-grade cancers at prostate biopsies, and unfavorable pathology in the surgical specimen. At multivariable Cox regression analyses, disease progression, which occurred in 85 (41.7%) patients, was predicted by the 2012 Briganti nomogram score (HR: 1.02; 95%CI: 1.00–1.03; p = 0.012), independently by tumors presenting as palpable (HR: 1.78; 95%CI: 1.10.2.88; p = 0.020) or the presence of PLNI in the surgical specimen (HR: 3.73; 95%CI: 2.10–5.13; p = 0.012). Conclusions The 2012 Briganti nomogram represented an independent predictor of adverse prognosis in HR PCa patients treated with RARP and ePLND. As the score increased, so patients were more likely to experience disease progression, independently by the occurrence of PLNI. The association between the nomogram, unfavorable pathology and tumor behavior might turn out to be useful for selecting a subset of patients needing different treatment paradigms in HR disease.
2024
Prostate cancer
high-risk disease
robotic surgery
pelvic lymph node dissection
progression
nomogram
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1127067
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