Purpose: We sought to investigate predictors of unfavorable tumor upgrading in very favorable intermediate-risk (IR) prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, in addition to evaluate how it may affect the risk of disease progression. Methods: A very favorable subset of IR PCa patients presenting with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) < 10 ng/mL, percentage of biopsy positive cores (BPC) < 50%, and either International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group 1 and clinical stage T2b or ISUP grade group 2 and clinical stage T1c-2b was identified. Unfavorable pathology at radical prostatectomy was defined as the presence of ISUP grade group > 2 (unfavorable tumor upgrading), extracapsular extension (ECE), and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI). Disease progression was defined as the event of biochemical recurrence and/or local recurrence and/or distant metastases. Associations were evaluated by Cox regression and logistic regression analyses. Results: Overall, 210 patients were identified between January 2013 and October 2020. Unfavorable tumor upgrading was detected in 71 (33.8%) cases, and adverse tumor stage, including ECE or SVI in 18 (8.6%) and 11 (5.2%) patients, respectively. Median (interquartile range) follow-up was 38.5 (16-61) months. PCa progression occurred in 24 (11.4%) patients. Very favorable IR PCa patients with unfavorable tumor upgrading at final pathology showed a persistent risk of disease progression, which hold significance after adjustment for all factors (Hazard Ratio [HR]: 5.95, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.97-17.92, p = 0.002) of which PSA was an independent predictor (HR: 1.52, 95% CI 1.12-2.08, p = 0.008). Moreover, these subjects were more likely to belong to the biopsy ISUP grade group 2. Conclusions: Very favorable IR PCa patients hiding unfavorable tumor upgrading were more likely to experience disease progression. Unfavorable tumor upgrading involved about one-third of cases and was less likely to occur in patients presenting with biopsy ISUP grade group 1. Tumor misclassification is an issue to discuss, when counseling this subset of patients for active surveillance because of the risk of delayed active treatment.

Tumor upgrading among very favorable intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: how can it impact the clinical course?

Porcaro, Antonio Benito
;
Bianchi, Alberto;Panunzio, Andrea;Gallina, Sebastian;Serafin, Emanuele;Trabacchin, Nicolò;Orlando, Rossella;Ornaghi, Paola Irene;Mazzucato, Giovanni;Vidiri, Stefano;D'Aietti, Damiano;Montanaro, Francesca;Brusa, Davide;Patuzzo, Giulia Marafioti;Artoni, Francesco;Baielli, Alberto;Migliorini, Filippo;De Marco, Vincenzo;Brunelli, Matteo;Cerruto, Maria Angela;Antonelli, Alessandro
2024-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: We sought to investigate predictors of unfavorable tumor upgrading in very favorable intermediate-risk (IR) prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, in addition to evaluate how it may affect the risk of disease progression. Methods: A very favorable subset of IR PCa patients presenting with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) < 10 ng/mL, percentage of biopsy positive cores (BPC) < 50%, and either International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group 1 and clinical stage T2b or ISUP grade group 2 and clinical stage T1c-2b was identified. Unfavorable pathology at radical prostatectomy was defined as the presence of ISUP grade group > 2 (unfavorable tumor upgrading), extracapsular extension (ECE), and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI). Disease progression was defined as the event of biochemical recurrence and/or local recurrence and/or distant metastases. Associations were evaluated by Cox regression and logistic regression analyses. Results: Overall, 210 patients were identified between January 2013 and October 2020. Unfavorable tumor upgrading was detected in 71 (33.8%) cases, and adverse tumor stage, including ECE or SVI in 18 (8.6%) and 11 (5.2%) patients, respectively. Median (interquartile range) follow-up was 38.5 (16-61) months. PCa progression occurred in 24 (11.4%) patients. Very favorable IR PCa patients with unfavorable tumor upgrading at final pathology showed a persistent risk of disease progression, which hold significance after adjustment for all factors (Hazard Ratio [HR]: 5.95, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.97-17.92, p = 0.002) of which PSA was an independent predictor (HR: 1.52, 95% CI 1.12-2.08, p = 0.008). Moreover, these subjects were more likely to belong to the biopsy ISUP grade group 2. Conclusions: Very favorable IR PCa patients hiding unfavorable tumor upgrading were more likely to experience disease progression. Unfavorable tumor upgrading involved about one-third of cases and was less likely to occur in patients presenting with biopsy ISUP grade group 1. Tumor misclassification is an issue to discuss, when counseling this subset of patients for active surveillance because of the risk of delayed active treatment.
2024
Adverse pathology; Favorable intermediate-risk prostate cancer; Prostate cancer progression; Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy; Tumor upgrading; Tumor upstaging
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1123619
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact