To test the hypothesis of an association between the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification system and the risk of 90-days postoperative complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification system (CDS). In a period ranging from January 2013 to October 2020, 1143 patients were evaluated. ASA classification was computed by trained anesthesiologists. Postoperative complications at 90 days after RARP were grouped as greater than one (CDS between 2 and 4a) versus up to one (CDS between 0 and 1). The risk association was computed using logistic regression models. According to ASA physical status classification system, patients were distributed as follows: 102 (8.9%) ASA 1, 934 (81.7%) ASA 2, and 107 (9.4%) ASA 3. Overall, 90-days postoperative complications occurred in 277 (24.2%) cases, of which 137 (12%) were graded as CDS 1 vs. 105 (9.2%) CDS 2 vs. 17 (1.5%) CDS 3a vs. 15 (1.3%) CDS 3b vs. 3 (0.3%) CDS 4a. ASA 2 and 3 patient categories were more likely to have 90-days postoperative complications CDS > 1 (12.5% and 16.8%, respectively) compared to ASA 1 patients (4.9%). The risk association was stronger for ASA 3 (odds ratio, [OR]: 4.085; 95%CI: 1.457-11.455; p = 0.007) than for ASA 2 (OR: 2.907; 95%CI: 1.106-7.285; p = 0.023) patient categories. After adjustment for clinical, pathological, and perioperative covariates, including pelvic lymph node dissection (performed vs. not performed), either ASA 2 or 3 categories remained independent predictors of 90-days postoperative complications CDS > 1. The risk of 90-days postoperative complications CDS > 1 after RARP increased as the ASA physical status deteriorated independently by performing or not an extended pelvic lymph node dissection. In the ASA 3 patients category, RARP should be performed at tertiary referral centers to safely manage the risk of postoperative complications.

American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status system predicts the risk of postoperative Clavien-Dindo complications greater than one at 90 days after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: final results of a tertiary referral center

Porcaro, Antonio Benito
;
Rizzetto, Riccardo;Bianchi, Alberto;Gallina, Sebastian;Serafin, Emanuele;Panunzio, Andrea;Tafuri, Alessandro;Cerrato, Clara;Migliorini, Filippo;Novella, Giovanni;De Marco, Vincenzo;Brunelli, Matteo;Siracusano, Salvatore;Cerruto, Maria Angela;Polati, Enrico;Antonelli, Alessandro
2022-01-01

Abstract

To test the hypothesis of an association between the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification system and the risk of 90-days postoperative complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification system (CDS). In a period ranging from January 2013 to October 2020, 1143 patients were evaluated. ASA classification was computed by trained anesthesiologists. Postoperative complications at 90 days after RARP were grouped as greater than one (CDS between 2 and 4a) versus up to one (CDS between 0 and 1). The risk association was computed using logistic regression models. According to ASA physical status classification system, patients were distributed as follows: 102 (8.9%) ASA 1, 934 (81.7%) ASA 2, and 107 (9.4%) ASA 3. Overall, 90-days postoperative complications occurred in 277 (24.2%) cases, of which 137 (12%) were graded as CDS 1 vs. 105 (9.2%) CDS 2 vs. 17 (1.5%) CDS 3a vs. 15 (1.3%) CDS 3b vs. 3 (0.3%) CDS 4a. ASA 2 and 3 patient categories were more likely to have 90-days postoperative complications CDS > 1 (12.5% and 16.8%, respectively) compared to ASA 1 patients (4.9%). The risk association was stronger for ASA 3 (odds ratio, [OR]: 4.085; 95%CI: 1.457-11.455; p = 0.007) than for ASA 2 (OR: 2.907; 95%CI: 1.106-7.285; p = 0.023) patient categories. After adjustment for clinical, pathological, and perioperative covariates, including pelvic lymph node dissection (performed vs. not performed), either ASA 2 or 3 categories remained independent predictors of 90-days postoperative complications CDS > 1. The risk of 90-days postoperative complications CDS > 1 after RARP increased as the ASA physical status deteriorated independently by performing or not an extended pelvic lymph node dissection. In the ASA 3 patients category, RARP should be performed at tertiary referral centers to safely manage the risk of postoperative complications.
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status system classification, Clavien–Dindo complications system, Postoperative complications, Prostate cancer, Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1079687
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