Recent technological advances in molecular biology have led to great progress in the knowledge of structure and function of cells and their main constituents. In this setting, 'omics' is standing out in order to significantly improve the understanding of etiopathogenetic mechanisms of disease and contribute to the development of new biochemical diagnostics and therapeutic tools. 'Omics' indicates the scientific branches investigating every aspect of cell's biology, including structures, functions and dynamics pathways. The main 'omics' are genomics, epigenomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics and radiomics. Their diffusion, success and proliferation, addressed to many research fields, has led to many important acquisitions, even in Urology. Aim of this narrative review is to define the state of art of 'omics' application in Urology, describing the most recent and relevant findings, in both oncological and non-oncological diseases, focusing the attention on urinary tract infectious, interstitial cystitis, urolithiasis, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and renal cell carcinoma. In Urology the majority of 'omics' applications regard the pathogenesis and diagnosis of the investigated diseases. In future, its role should be implemented in order to develop specific predictors and tailored treatments.

Omics in urology: An overview on concepts, current status and future perspectives

Panunzio, Andrea;Tafuri, Alessandro;Princiotta, Alessandro;Gentile, Ilaria;Mazzucato, Giovanni;Trabacchin, Nicolò;Antonelli, Alessandro;Cerruto, Maria Angela
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Recent technological advances in molecular biology have led to great progress in the knowledge of structure and function of cells and their main constituents. In this setting, 'omics' is standing out in order to significantly improve the understanding of etiopathogenetic mechanisms of disease and contribute to the development of new biochemical diagnostics and therapeutic tools. 'Omics' indicates the scientific branches investigating every aspect of cell's biology, including structures, functions and dynamics pathways. The main 'omics' are genomics, epigenomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics and radiomics. Their diffusion, success and proliferation, addressed to many research fields, has led to many important acquisitions, even in Urology. Aim of this narrative review is to define the state of art of 'omics' application in Urology, describing the most recent and relevant findings, in both oncological and non-oncological diseases, focusing the attention on urinary tract infectious, interstitial cystitis, urolithiasis, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and renal cell carcinoma. In Urology the majority of 'omics' applications regard the pathogenesis and diagnosis of the investigated diseases. In future, its role should be implemented in order to develop specific predictors and tailored treatments.
Omics in urology
bladder cancer
interstitial cystitis
molecular biology
prostate cancer
renal cell carcinoma
urinary tract infections
urolithiasis
Genomics
Humans
Male
Metabolomics
Proteomics
Kidney Neoplasms
Urology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078406
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