In mixed human-robot work cells the emphasis is traditionally on collision avoidance to circumvent injuries and production down times. In this paper we discuss how long in advance a collision can be predicted given the behavior of a robotic arm and the current occupancy of both the robot and the human. Assuming that the behavior of the robot is a combination of a set of predefined operations, we propose an approach to learn this behavior and use it to estimate the time before a collision. The pose of the human is estimated by a multi- camera inference application based on neural networks at the edge to preserve privacy and enforce scalability. The occupancy of the manipulator and of the human are modeled through the composition of segments which overcomes the traditional “virtual cage” and can be adapted to different human beings and robots. The system has been implemented in a real factory scenario to demonstrate its readiness regarding both industrial constraints and computational complexity.

Process-driven Collision Prediction in Human-Robot Work Environments

Luca Geretti;Stefano Centomo;Michele Boldo;Enrico Martini;Nicola Bombieri;Davide Quaglia;Tiziano Villa
2022

Abstract

In mixed human-robot work cells the emphasis is traditionally on collision avoidance to circumvent injuries and production down times. In this paper we discuss how long in advance a collision can be predicted given the behavior of a robotic arm and the current occupancy of both the robot and the human. Assuming that the behavior of the robot is a combination of a set of predefined operations, we propose an approach to learn this behavior and use it to estimate the time before a collision. The pose of the human is estimated by a multi- camera inference application based on neural networks at the edge to preserve privacy and enforce scalability. The occupancy of the manipulator and of the human are modeled through the composition of segments which overcomes the traditional “virtual cage” and can be adapted to different human beings and robots. The system has been implemented in a real factory scenario to demonstrate its readiness regarding both industrial constraints and computational complexity.
Human-robot interaction
Collision prediction
Human pose estimation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1070649
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