The oxidative behavior of five commercial enological tannins of different sources (tea, grape marc, grape seed, untoasted oak, and toasted oak) was investigated in model wine solutions in the presence or absence of SO2. Solutions of the tannins were also analyzed for total phenolics, methyl cellulose precipitable tannins, high-performance liquid chromatography, and linear sweep voltammetry. Tea and oak-derived tannin solutions were characterized by the highest oxygen consumption rates, with oak-derived tannins exhibiting the highest oxygen consumption rates per milligram of phenolic material present. Linear sweep and derivative voltammetry parameters were well-correlated with oxygen consumption rates, whereas total phenolics or total tannins were not. All tannins were associated with consumption of SO2 upon reaction with oxygen, with the lowest rate of SO2 lost per milligram of O-2 reacted being observed for oak tannins.

Oxygen and {SO}2 Consumption of Different Enological Tannins in Relationship to Their Chemical and Electrochemical Characteristics

Maurizio Ugliano
;
Davide Slaghenaufi;Luigi Picariello;
2020

Abstract

The oxidative behavior of five commercial enological tannins of different sources (tea, grape marc, grape seed, untoasted oak, and toasted oak) was investigated in model wine solutions in the presence or absence of SO2. Solutions of the tannins were also analyzed for total phenolics, methyl cellulose precipitable tannins, high-performance liquid chromatography, and linear sweep voltammetry. Tea and oak-derived tannin solutions were characterized by the highest oxygen consumption rates, with oak-derived tannins exhibiting the highest oxygen consumption rates per milligram of phenolic material present. Linear sweep and derivative voltammetry parameters were well-correlated with oxygen consumption rates, whereas total phenolics or total tannins were not. All tannins were associated with consumption of SO2 upon reaction with oxygen, with the lowest rate of SO2 lost per milligram of O-2 reacted being observed for oak tannins.
SO2
ellagitannins
enological tannins
flavan-3-ols
oxidation
voltammetry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1049923
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