This work shows the accomplishment of a full integration of a biomimetic 2x2 tactile array and related electronics in an artificial fingertip. The technological approach is based on merging 3D MEMS sensors and skin-like artificial materials that are moulded mimicking human epidermal ridges. Experimental results using a mechatronic tactile stimulator for indenting periodic gratings (spatial periodicity from 400 μm to 1900 μm) and sliding them at constant speeds (from 5 mm/s to 40 mm/s) under regulated normal contact forces (between 100 mN and 400 mN) show that the developed sensing technology is suitable for fine roughness encoding: a frequency shift of the principal spectral component arising from sensor outputs was observed coherently with the spatial periodicity of the used ridged stimuli and their sliding velocity. Such phenomenon is pointed out with fine gratings particularly when the stimulation is operated along the proximal-distal direction of the finger (i.e. with sliding motion of the ridges of the stimulus across the ridges of the packaging) showing a more marked frequency locked behavior if compared to the radial-ulnar stimulation (i.e. with sliding motion of the ridges of the grating along the ridges of the packaging).

A Biomimetic MEMS-based Tactile Sensor Array with Fingerprints integrated in a Robotic Fingertip for Artificial Roughness Encoding

G. G. Muscolo;
2009

Abstract

This work shows the accomplishment of a full integration of a biomimetic 2x2 tactile array and related electronics in an artificial fingertip. The technological approach is based on merging 3D MEMS sensors and skin-like artificial materials that are moulded mimicking human epidermal ridges. Experimental results using a mechatronic tactile stimulator for indenting periodic gratings (spatial periodicity from 400 μm to 1900 μm) and sliding them at constant speeds (from 5 mm/s to 40 mm/s) under regulated normal contact forces (between 100 mN and 400 mN) show that the developed sensing technology is suitable for fine roughness encoding: a frequency shift of the principal spectral component arising from sensor outputs was observed coherently with the spatial periodicity of the used ridged stimuli and their sliding velocity. Such phenomenon is pointed out with fine gratings particularly when the stimulation is operated along the proximal-distal direction of the finger (i.e. with sliding motion of the ridges of the stimulus across the ridges of the packaging) showing a more marked frequency locked behavior if compared to the radial-ulnar stimulation (i.e. with sliding motion of the ridges of the grating along the ridges of the packaging).
978-142444775-6
Encoding (symbols); Robotics; Robots; Sensor arrays; 3-D MEMS; Artificial material; Artificial roughness; Constant speed; Epidermal ridge; Frequency shift; Full integration; Normal contact force; Periodic gratings; Robotic fingertip; Sensing technology; Sensor output; Sliding motions; Sliding velocities; Spatial periodicity; Spectral components; Tactile sensor array; Biomimetics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1049010
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