To test the hypothesis of associations between the ABO blood group system (ABO-bg) and prostate cancer (PCa) features in the surgical specimen of patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Between January 2013 and October 2020, 1114 patients were treated with RARP. Associations of ABO-bg with specimen pathological features were evaluated by statistical methods. Overall, 305 patients were low risk (27.4%), 590 intermediate risk (50%) and 219 high risk (19.6%). Pelvic lymph node dissection was performed in 678 subjects (60.9%) of whom 79 (11.7%) had cancer invasion. In the surgical specimen, tumor extended beyond the capsule in 9.8% and invaded seminal vesicles in 11.8% of cases. Positive surgical margins (PSM) were detected in 271 cases (24.3%). The most frequently detected blood groups were A and O, which were equally distributed for both including 467 patients (41.9%), followed by groups B (127 cases; 11.4%) and AB (53 subjects; 4.8%). Among specimen factors, the ABO-bgs associated only with the risk of PSM, which was higher for blood group O (30.4%) compared with group A (19.5%) after adjusting for other standard clinical predictors (odds ratio, OR = 1.842; 95% CI 1.352-2.509; p < 0.0001). Along the ABO-bgs, the risk of PSM was increased by group O independently by other standard preoperative factors. The ABO-bgs may represent a further physical factor for clinical assessment of PCa patients, but confirmatory studies are required.
|Titolo:||ABO blood group system and risk of positive surgical margins in patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: results in 1114 consecutive patients|
PORCARO, Antonio Benito (Corresponding)
Tafuri, Alessandro (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|