Upon oligomerization, RNase A can acquire important properties, such as cytotoxicity against leukemic cells. When lyophilized from 40% acetic acid solutions, the enzyme self-associates through the so-called three-dimensional domain swapping (3D-DS) mechanism involving both N- and/or C-terminals. The same species are formed if the enzyme is subjected to thermal incubation in various solvents, especially in 40% ethanol. We evaluated here if significant structural modifications might occur in RNase A N- or C-swapped dimers and/or in the residual monomer(s), as a function of the oligomerization protocol applied. We detected that the monomer activity vs. ss-RNA was partly affected by both protocols, although the protein does not suffer spectroscopic alterations. Instead, the two N-swapped dimers showed differences in the fluorescence emission spectra but almost identical enzymatic activities, while the C-swapped dimers displayed slightly different activities vs. both ss- or ds-RNA substrates together with not negligible fluorescence emission alterations within each other. Besides these results, we also discuss the reasons justifying the different relative enzymatic activities displayed by the N-dimers and C-dimers. Last, similarly with data previously registered in a mouse model, we found that both dimeric species significantly decrease human melanoma A375 cell viability, while only N-dimers reduce human melanoma MeWo cell growth.

RNase A domain-swapped dimers produced through different methods: structure–catalytic properties and antitumor activity

Montioli, Riccardo;Campagnari, Rachele;Fasoli, Sabrina;Fagagnini, Andrea;Smania, Marcello;Menegazzi, Marta
;
Gotte, Giovanni
2021

Abstract

Upon oligomerization, RNase A can acquire important properties, such as cytotoxicity against leukemic cells. When lyophilized from 40% acetic acid solutions, the enzyme self-associates through the so-called three-dimensional domain swapping (3D-DS) mechanism involving both N- and/or C-terminals. The same species are formed if the enzyme is subjected to thermal incubation in various solvents, especially in 40% ethanol. We evaluated here if significant structural modifications might occur in RNase A N- or C-swapped dimers and/or in the residual monomer(s), as a function of the oligomerization protocol applied. We detected that the monomer activity vs. ss-RNA was partly affected by both protocols, although the protein does not suffer spectroscopic alterations. Instead, the two N-swapped dimers showed differences in the fluorescence emission spectra but almost identical enzymatic activities, while the C-swapped dimers displayed slightly different activities vs. both ss- or ds-RNA substrates together with not negligible fluorescence emission alterations within each other. Besides these results, we also discuss the reasons justifying the different relative enzymatic activities displayed by the N-dimers and C-dimers. Last, similarly with data previously registered in a mouse model, we found that both dimeric species significantly decrease human melanoma A375 cell viability, while only N-dimers reduce human melanoma MeWo cell growth.
3D domain swapping
RNase A
RNase A dimers
cytotoxic activity
enzymatic activity
melanoma cells
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1038350
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