Learning a programming language and solving problems in an algo-rithmic way is a hard task for many students. A better comprehension of the psy-chological characteristics involved in this process is needed to reduce these dif-ficulties, implementing teaching methodologies sensitive to these aspects. In this study, we analyse the relationship between cognitive styles, inside the theoretical framework of the empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory, and performance, also considering the role of sex. In fact, E-S theory states the difference in male and female mind, the first one more empathy-oriented, the second one more oriented at understanding systems. A sample of 56 students attending a course of pro-gramming in an Applied Mathematics with a relevant practical activity enhanced with a submission system and supported by a few tutors was involved in the study. We defined profiles of students based on their scores in EQ and SQ, and on their sex, using a cluster analysis. 4 clusters were found: 1. female students with low level of SQ and high level of EQ; 2. female students with high level of both SQ and EQ; 3. male students, with low level of EQ and high level of; 4. male students with low level of both SQ and EQ. A first exploration of the rela-tion of profiles with the learning performance is described.

Profiles in Brain Type in Programming Performance for Non-vocational Courses

Solitro, Ugo;Brondino, Margherita;Bonafini, Roberto;Pasini, Margherita
2020

Abstract

Learning a programming language and solving problems in an algo-rithmic way is a hard task for many students. A better comprehension of the psy-chological characteristics involved in this process is needed to reduce these dif-ficulties, implementing teaching methodologies sensitive to these aspects. In this study, we analyse the relationship between cognitive styles, inside the theoretical framework of the empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory, and performance, also considering the role of sex. In fact, E-S theory states the difference in male and female mind, the first one more empathy-oriented, the second one more oriented at understanding systems. A sample of 56 students attending a course of pro-gramming in an Applied Mathematics with a relevant practical activity enhanced with a submission system and supported by a few tutors was involved in the study. We defined profiles of students based on their scores in EQ and SQ, and on their sex, using a cluster analysis. 4 clusters were found: 1. female students with low level of SQ and high level of EQ; 2. female students with high level of both SQ and EQ; 3. male students, with low level of EQ and high level of; 4. male students with low level of both SQ and EQ. A first exploration of the rela-tion of profiles with the learning performance is described.
978-3-030-52537-8
programming, computer science education, brain type, Empathy Quotient, Systemizing Quotient, performance, students’ profiles.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1033966
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