Purpose: To evaluate the role of middle meatal antrostomy in preventing the onset of maxillary sinusitis after placement of zygomatic implants. We hypothesized that middle meatal antrostomy might reduce the incidence of this complication. Materials and Methods: A prospective longitudinal study was performed of patients who had undergone placement of 4 zygomatic implants and concurrent middle meatal antrostomy with an endoscopic approach at the maxillofacial surgery unit of Verona University. The radiological results of the maxillary sinuses were evaluated on computed tomography scans performed 12 months after surgery using the Lund-Mackay staging system. Clinical symptoms were evaluated both preoperatively and 12 months after surgery using the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20). Intraoperative violation of the Schneiderian membrane was also assessed. The outcomes from the present study were compared with historical controls. Results: The sample included 13 patients, 26 maxillary sinuses with negative radiologic findings of sinonasal pathologic features, and 52 zygomatic implants. A moderate increase was found in radiologic findings of sinonasal pathologic features postoperatively compared with preoperatively, with mucosal hypertrophy in 3 maxillary sinuses (11.5%). The incidence and severity of mucosal hypertrophy was significantly lower than the outcomes of the historical controls. The average preoperative SNOT-20 score was 13.45, and the postoperative SNOT-20 score was 1.18. The Schneiderian membrane was pierced in 13 sinuses in 9 patients. Conclusions: Shrinkage of the ostiomeatal complex seems to play a fundamental role in the onset of sinonasal pathologic features after zygomatic implant placement compared with implant-related causes. Although functional endoscopic sinus surgery is a supplementary surgical method in implant placement, it seems to provide statistically significant improvement in the health of the sinonasal system. Perforation of the Schneiderian membrane does not appear to correlate with the onset of sinus opacification and sinonasal symptoms.

Does Middle Meatal Antrostomy Prevent the Onset of Maxillary Sinusitis After Zygomatic Implant Placement?

D'Agostino, Antonio;Favero, Vittorio;Nocini, Riccardo;VENCO, JESSICA;Nocini, Pier Francesco;Trevisiol, Lorenzo
2019

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the role of middle meatal antrostomy in preventing the onset of maxillary sinusitis after placement of zygomatic implants. We hypothesized that middle meatal antrostomy might reduce the incidence of this complication. Materials and Methods: A prospective longitudinal study was performed of patients who had undergone placement of 4 zygomatic implants and concurrent middle meatal antrostomy with an endoscopic approach at the maxillofacial surgery unit of Verona University. The radiological results of the maxillary sinuses were evaluated on computed tomography scans performed 12 months after surgery using the Lund-Mackay staging system. Clinical symptoms were evaluated both preoperatively and 12 months after surgery using the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20). Intraoperative violation of the Schneiderian membrane was also assessed. The outcomes from the present study were compared with historical controls. Results: The sample included 13 patients, 26 maxillary sinuses with negative radiologic findings of sinonasal pathologic features, and 52 zygomatic implants. A moderate increase was found in radiologic findings of sinonasal pathologic features postoperatively compared with preoperatively, with mucosal hypertrophy in 3 maxillary sinuses (11.5%). The incidence and severity of mucosal hypertrophy was significantly lower than the outcomes of the historical controls. The average preoperative SNOT-20 score was 13.45, and the postoperative SNOT-20 score was 1.18. The Schneiderian membrane was pierced in 13 sinuses in 9 patients. Conclusions: Shrinkage of the ostiomeatal complex seems to play a fundamental role in the onset of sinonasal pathologic features after zygomatic implant placement compared with implant-related causes. Although functional endoscopic sinus surgery is a supplementary surgical method in implant placement, it seems to provide statistically significant improvement in the health of the sinonasal system. Perforation of the Schneiderian membrane does not appear to correlate with the onset of sinus opacification and sinonasal symptoms.
implants
sinusitis
prevention
antrostomy
zygomatic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/999739
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