Background: Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) is utilized to induce growth of the future liver remnant volume (FLRV) among patients at elevated risk of post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). Methods: The American College of Surgery National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was used to compare short-term outcomes of PVE versus non-PVE patients. A propensity score match (PSM) was used to compare short-term outcomes among PVE and non-PVE patients. Results: Among the 11,243 patients included in the study, 462 (4.1%) patients had a PVE. Postoperatively, patients who underwent PVE had a higher incidence of overall (PVE, 44% vs. non-PVE, 23%) and liver-specific complications (biliary leak PVE, 16% vs. non-PVE, 7%; post-hepatectomy liver failure [PHLF] PVE, 17% vs. non-PVE, 5%), as well as a longer length of stay (> 7 days PVE, 39% vs. non-PVE, 22%) compared with the non-PVE group (all p < 0.001). After PSM, no differences in mortality or LOS were observed among PVE and non-PVE patients. PVE patients remained more likely to have a bile leak, organ/surgical-site infection, and PHLF versus non-PVE patients (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: Among patients who underwent PVE before hepatectomy, the risk of postoperative complications was 1.6-fold higher than non-PVE patients. After PSM, PVE patients still had an increased risk of complications.

Short-Term Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Portal Vein Embolization: an ACS-NSQIP Procedure-Targeted Hepatectomy Analysis

Bagante, Fabio;Spolverato, Gaya;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) is utilized to induce growth of the future liver remnant volume (FLRV) among patients at elevated risk of post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). Methods: The American College of Surgery National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was used to compare short-term outcomes of PVE versus non-PVE patients. A propensity score match (PSM) was used to compare short-term outcomes among PVE and non-PVE patients. Results: Among the 11,243 patients included in the study, 462 (4.1%) patients had a PVE. Postoperatively, patients who underwent PVE had a higher incidence of overall (PVE, 44% vs. non-PVE, 23%) and liver-specific complications (biliary leak PVE, 16% vs. non-PVE, 7%; post-hepatectomy liver failure [PHLF] PVE, 17% vs. non-PVE, 5%), as well as a longer length of stay (> 7 days PVE, 39% vs. non-PVE, 22%) compared with the non-PVE group (all p < 0.001). After PSM, no differences in mortality or LOS were observed among PVE and non-PVE patients. PVE patients remained more likely to have a bile leak, organ/surgical-site infection, and PHLF versus non-PVE patients (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: Among patients who underwent PVE before hepatectomy, the risk of postoperative complications was 1.6-fold higher than non-PVE patients. After PSM, PVE patients still had an increased risk of complications.
Complications; Hepatic resection; Liver failure; Liver surgery; PVE; Portal vein embolization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/999000
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