In this study, the diversity existing at the very small scale of single vineyard parcels in volatile composition ofgrapes and wines from a single estate in the Valpolicella wine region has been studied. Corvina grapes from eight contiguous vineyards were used for the study and vinified with the same protocol. The compounds analyzed by GC–MS were representative of the terpenoid, norisoprenoid and benzenoid chemical families. Free and bound compounds analysis showed that differences between parcels were relatively small on grapes samples, whereas after fermentation larger differences between wine samples were highlighted. Multivariate statistical analysis of wine volatiles highlighted the existence of similarities between wine volatile profiles, which reflected to a good extent the geographical location of the corresponding vineyard parcels. The main drivers of this diversity were the monoterpene alcohols linalool,α-terpineol, linalool oxide; the benzenoids vanillin, ethyl vanillate and methyl vanillate; and the norisoprenoid β-damascenone. Wine from one vineyard parcel was not correctly classified, possibly due to the influence of the peculiar training system applied to this parcel. With aging the vineyard parcel geographical diversity was still reflected by the chemical diversity of wines, even if the separation was less fine. As many reactions occurred, some drivers of the diversity were changed after aging. Theywere benzenoids: ethyl vanillate, methyl vanillate and vanillin; the norisoprenoid 3-oxo-α-ionol; the terpenes linalool oxide, linalool, p-methane-1,8-diol,α-terpineol, and the precursors of nerol, geraniol, linalool

Volatile terpenoids, norisoprenoids and benzenoids as markers of fine scale vineyard segmentation for Corvina grapes and wines

Slaghenaufi, Davide;Ugliano, Maurizio
2019-01-01

Abstract

In this study, the diversity existing at the very small scale of single vineyard parcels in volatile composition ofgrapes and wines from a single estate in the Valpolicella wine region has been studied. Corvina grapes from eight contiguous vineyards were used for the study and vinified with the same protocol. The compounds analyzed by GC–MS were representative of the terpenoid, norisoprenoid and benzenoid chemical families. Free and bound compounds analysis showed that differences between parcels were relatively small on grapes samples, whereas after fermentation larger differences between wine samples were highlighted. Multivariate statistical analysis of wine volatiles highlighted the existence of similarities between wine volatile profiles, which reflected to a good extent the geographical location of the corresponding vineyard parcels. The main drivers of this diversity were the monoterpene alcohols linalool,α-terpineol, linalool oxide; the benzenoids vanillin, ethyl vanillate and methyl vanillate; and the norisoprenoid β-damascenone. Wine from one vineyard parcel was not correctly classified, possibly due to the influence of the peculiar training system applied to this parcel. With aging the vineyard parcel geographical diversity was still reflected by the chemical diversity of wines, even if the separation was less fine. As many reactions occurred, some drivers of the diversity were changed after aging. Theywere benzenoids: ethyl vanillate, methyl vanillate and vanillin; the norisoprenoid 3-oxo-α-ionol; the terpenes linalool oxide, linalool, p-methane-1,8-diol,α-terpineol, and the precursors of nerol, geraniol, linalool
2019
Single vineyard, Cru, Volatile compound, Terpenes, Norisoprenoids, Benzenoids
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/998868
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