BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical indications in stages 4B and 5 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are not universally accepted. The authors' purpose is to evaluate the long-term anatomic and visual outcomes of vitrectomy for retinal detachment (RD) associated with stages 4B and 5 ROP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of patients who consecutively underwent vitrectomy for stages 4B and 5 ROP from 1999 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed and included grade of retinal attachment and visual acuity (VA) at the last follow-up. RESULTS: Seventy eyes of 38 infants were included: 23 with stage 4B and 47 with stage 5 ROP. Lens-sparing vitrectomy was performed in 11 eyes, combined lensectomy / vitrectomy in 59 eyes. Mean follow-up was 8.5 years. Anatomic success was maintained in 41 eyes (58.5%), and among them, VA greater than 5/200 was achieved in 17 eyes (41.4%). CONCLUSION: The long-term visual and anatomic success rates were encouraging for the surgical correction of RD associated with late stages ROP.
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