Undifferentiated carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells (UCOGC), a variant of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), has striking genetic similarity to PDAC but a significantly improved overall survival. We hypothesize that this difference could be due to the immune response to the tumor, and as such, we investigated the expression of PD-1, PD-L1 and CD163 in a series of UCOGC. To this aim, 27 pancreatic UCOGCs (11 pure and 16 PDAC-associated), 5 extra-pancreatic tumors with osteoclast-like giant cells and 10 pancreatic anaplastic carcinomas (ACs) were immunostained using antibodies against PD-1, PD-L1 and CD163. In pancreatic UCOGCs, PD-L1 was expressed in neoplastic cells of 17/27 (63%) cases, more often in cases with an associated PDAC (P=.04). Expression of PD-L1 was associated with poor prognosis, confirmed by multivariate analysis: patients with PD-L1-positive UCOGCs had a risk of all-cause mortality that was 3 times higher than patients with PD-L1-negative UCOGCs (HR: 3.397, 95%CI: 1.023-18.375, P=.034). PD-L1 expression on tumor cells was also associated with aberrant P53 expression (P=.035). PD-1 was expressed on rare lymphocytes in 12 UCOGCs (44.4%), mainly located at the tumor periphery. CD163 was expressed on histiocytes, with a diffuse and strong staining pattern in all UCOGCs. Extra-pancreatic tumors with osteoclast-like giant cells showed very similar staining patterns for the same proteins. ACs have some similarities to UCOGCs, but PD-L1 has no prognostic roles. Our results may have important implications for immunotherapeutic strategies in UCOGCs; these tumors may also represent a model for future therapeutic approaches against PDAC.
|Titolo:||PD-1, PD-L1 and CD163 in pancreatic undifferentiated carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells: expression patterns and clinical implications|
SCARPA, Aldo (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|