Background: The association of hospital teaching status and overall expenditures has not been studied among patients undergoing hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery. We sought to define the impact of hospital teaching intensity on payments and charges associated with (HPB) surgery from the payer perspective. Methods: Surgical patients undergoing HPB procedures were identified using 2013–2015 Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR) data. Hospital teaching intensity was categorized based on hospital resident-to-bed ratio: non-teaching (NTH: 0), minor teaching (minor-TH: 0–0.363), and major teaching (major-TH: > 0.363). Risk-adjusted price-standardized Medicare payments were assessed and compared among HPB surgical patients at NTH versus major-TH. Results: A total of 8863 patients underwent HPB (NTH: n = 1239, 14.0%; minor-TH: n = 3202, 36.1%; major-TH: n = 4422, 49.9%). Patient comorbidities did not vary across hospital according to teaching intensity (p = 0.27). Mean risk-adjusted Medicare payment at a major-TH was $29,541 versus $19,345 at a NTH (Δ-payment: + $10,195; p < 0.001). Differences in Medicare payments associated with hospital teaching status persisted when the risk-adjusted price was standardized to remove social subsidies and regional variation in costs (NTH: $19,760 vs. major-TH: $28,382; Δ-payment: + $8623). Major-TH had higher total charges submitted to Medicare versus NTH (NTH: $100,583 vs. major-TH: $120,498; Δ-charge = + $19,915), including charges for accommodations, laboratory, and blood utilization (all p < 0.05). Compared with NTH, major-TH had lower morbidity (22.6 vs. 19.0%), serious complications (13.0 vs. 10.5%) and 30-day mortality (4.8 vs. 2.3%) (all p < 0.05). Conclusions: Major-TH was associated with higher Medicare expenditures than NTH among HPB surgical patients. These differences were attributable, in part, to higher submitted charges for hospital-based services. While associated with higher payments and charges, TH did have better short-term outcomes compared with NTH.
|Titolo:||Hospital Teaching Status and Medicare Expenditures for Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|