Objective: In prostate specimens, chronic inflammatory infiltrate (CII) type IV has been detected, but its association with prostate cancer (PCA) is controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate on associations of CII with PCA detection in patients undergoing prostate first biopsy set. Methods: Ultrasound transrectal-guided biopsies by the transperineal approach were retrospectively evaluated in 441 consecutive patients. The study excluded patients who were in active surveillance, prostate specific antigen (PSA) ≥30 ng/mL, re-biopsies, incidental PCA after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), less than 14 cores or metastatic. Analysis of population and subpopulations (with or without PCA) was performed by statistical methods which included ManneWhitney (U test), KruskaleWallis test, Chi-squared statistic, logistic regression. Multivariate logistic regression models predicting mean probability of PCA detection were established. Results: PCA detection rate was 46.03%. Age, PSA, prostate volume (PV), prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and CII were the significant independent predictors of PCA detection. PV (OR Z 0.934) and CII (OR Z 0.192) were both negative independent predictors. CII was a significant negative independent predictor in multivariate logistic regression models predicting the mean probability of PCA detection by age, PSA and PV. The inverse association of CII with PCA does not necessary mean protection because of PSA confounding. Conclusion: In a population of patients undergoing prostate first biopsy set, CII was a strong negative independent predictor of PCA detection. CII type IV should be considered as an adjunctive parameter in re-biopsy or active surveillance protocols. Conclusion: In a population of patients undergoing prostate first biopsy set, CII was a strong negative independent predictor of PCA detection. CII type IV should be considered as an adjunctive parameter in re-biopsy or active surveillance protocols.
|Titolo:||Prostate chronic inflammation type IV and prostate cancer risk in patients undergoing first biopsy set: Results of a large cohort study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|