The aim of this multicentre prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a surgical approach based on a novel osteotome technique, in order to obtain both alveolar ridge expansion and sinus floor elevation. Partially edentulous patients requiring an implant-prosthetic rehabilitation with a fixed prosthesis in the posterior maxilla were included in this study according to pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. All implants were placed after site preparation with the Alternating Osteotome Technique', which consists of the use of alternating concave and convex osteotomes. After a 4 to 6-month healing period, all implants were restored with a definitive fixed prosthesis. Clinical and radiographic examinations were scheduled over a 36-month follow-up of functional loading according to a well-established protocol. Statistical analysis was used to detect any significant differences or correlations (P = 0.05). Seventy-six patients were consecutively treated with a total of 120 implants in three different centres. The mean ridge expansion and sinus floor elevation were 1.8 +/- 0.3 and 2.5 +/- 0.7, respectively. After three years of functioning, the implant success rate was 99.1% since one implant had failed and the mean marginal bone loss was 0.6 +/- 0.3 mm. No complications occurred during the intraoperative and postoperative periods. All parameters analysed were stable and steady throughout the three-year follow-up. The Alternating Osteotome Technique' enables the dental surgeon to achieve an adequate implant osteotomy with limited ridge expansion and sinus floor elevation, increasing modestly the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the alveolar crest but reducing significantly the risk of surgical complications.
|Titolo:||The ‘Alternating Osteotome Technique’: a surgical approach for combined ridge expansion and sinus floor elevation. A multicentre prospective study with a three-year follow-up|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|