Signet-ring cell ependymoma is a rare variant of ependymoma with only seven cases described in literature. Biological behavior and prognosis of this entity are not well-known until now. We present a case of a 49-year-old female with a history of headache and gait instability. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an upper cervical tumor with cystic component and mural nodule. The patient underwent surgery. Microscopically some cells displayed an eccentric nucleus compressed to the periphery by vacuolated cytoplasm. Perivascular pseudorosettes and ependymal rosettes were seen only focally. The cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein and epithelial membrane antigen. The diagnosis was ependymoma with diffuse signet-ring features, grade II according to the World Health Organization. It may be difficult to diagnose this unusual variant of ependymoma especially on small biopsies or frozen sections. A complete examination of the specimen is recommended with immunohistochemical confirmation to rule out potential morphologic mimics, such as metastatic adenocarcinomas and gliomas in the differential diagnosis.

Ependymoma with diffuse signet-ring features: report of a case and review of the literature

CIMA, Luca;BECCARI, Serena;GHIMENTON, CLAUDIO;BELTRAMELLO, ALBERTO;CHILOSI, Marco;BRUNELLI, Matteo;
2016

Abstract

Signet-ring cell ependymoma is a rare variant of ependymoma with only seven cases described in literature. Biological behavior and prognosis of this entity are not well-known until now. We present a case of a 49-year-old female with a history of headache and gait instability. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an upper cervical tumor with cystic component and mural nodule. The patient underwent surgery. Microscopically some cells displayed an eccentric nucleus compressed to the periphery by vacuolated cytoplasm. Perivascular pseudorosettes and ependymal rosettes were seen only focally. The cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein and epithelial membrane antigen. The diagnosis was ependymoma with diffuse signet-ring features, grade II according to the World Health Organization. It may be difficult to diagnose this unusual variant of ependymoma especially on small biopsies or frozen sections. A complete examination of the specimen is recommended with immunohistochemical confirmation to rule out potential morphologic mimics, such as metastatic adenocarcinomas and gliomas in the differential diagnosis.
Ependymoma; Frozen sections; Metastatic adenocarcinoma; Signet-ring cell; Small biopsies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/958759
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