Subcutaneous facial emphysema is a well-known consequence of oral and maxillofacial traumatic injury. In some rare cases, the subcutaneous air collection could spread through the retropharyngeal and paralatero-cervical spaces, reaching the mediastinum. This clinical entity is known as pneumomediastinum and represents a severe and, sometimes, life-threatening condition. Other reported causes of pneumomediastinum are esophageal and tracheal traumatic or iatrogenic rupture. Finally, the so-called spontaneous pneumomediastinum is caused by a sudden increase in alveolar pressure and is usually seen in young men. We present two cases of pneumomediastinum as a consequence of unusual traumatic damage of orofacial tissues, followed by repeated sneezing and Valsalva maneuver.

Blunt maxillary fracture and cheek bite: two rare causes of traumatic pneumomediastinum

PROCACCI, Pasquale;NOCINI, Pier Francesco
2016

Abstract

Subcutaneous facial emphysema is a well-known consequence of oral and maxillofacial traumatic injury. In some rare cases, the subcutaneous air collection could spread through the retropharyngeal and paralatero-cervical spaces, reaching the mediastinum. This clinical entity is known as pneumomediastinum and represents a severe and, sometimes, life-threatening condition. Other reported causes of pneumomediastinum are esophageal and tracheal traumatic or iatrogenic rupture. Finally, the so-called spontaneous pneumomediastinum is caused by a sudden increase in alveolar pressure and is usually seen in young men. We present two cases of pneumomediastinum as a consequence of unusual traumatic damage of orofacial tissues, followed by repeated sneezing and Valsalva maneuver.
Facial injuries; Maxillofacial surgery; Mediastinal emphysema; Oral surgery; Wounds and injuries
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/958219
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