HIV-1 Nef interacts with several cellular proteins, among which the human peroxisomal thioesterase 8 (ACOT8). This interaction may be involved in the endocytosis regulation of membrane proteins and might modulate lipid composition in membrane rafts. Nef regions involved in the interaction have been experimentally characterized, whereas structural details of the ACOT8 protein are unknown. The lack of structural information hampers the comprehension of the functional consequences of the complex formation during HIV-1 infection. We modelled, through in silico predictions, the ACOT8 structure and we observed a high charge complementarity between Nef and ACOT8 surfaces, which allowed the identi cation of the ACOT8 putative contact points involved in the interaction. The predictions were validated by in vitro assays through the development of ACOT8 deletion mutants. Coimmunoprecipitation and immuno uorescence analyses showed that ACOT8 Arg45-Phe55 and Arg86-Pro93 regions are involved in Nef association. In addition, K91S mutation abrogated the interaction with Nef, indicating that Lys91 plays a key role in the interaction. Finally, when associated with ACOT8, Nef may be preserved from degradation. These ndings improve the comprehensionof the association between HIV-1 Nef and ACOT8, helping elucidating the biological e ect of their interaction.

Molecular characterization of HIV-1 Nef and ACOT8 interaction: insights from in silico structural predictions and in vitro functional assays

Serena, Michela;GIORGETTI, ALEJANDRO;BUSATO, MIRKO;DIANI, ERICA;ROMANELLI, Maria;ZIPETO, Donato
2016-01-01

Abstract

HIV-1 Nef interacts with several cellular proteins, among which the human peroxisomal thioesterase 8 (ACOT8). This interaction may be involved in the endocytosis regulation of membrane proteins and might modulate lipid composition in membrane rafts. Nef regions involved in the interaction have been experimentally characterized, whereas structural details of the ACOT8 protein are unknown. The lack of structural information hampers the comprehension of the functional consequences of the complex formation during HIV-1 infection. We modelled, through in silico predictions, the ACOT8 structure and we observed a high charge complementarity between Nef and ACOT8 surfaces, which allowed the identi cation of the ACOT8 putative contact points involved in the interaction. The predictions were validated by in vitro assays through the development of ACOT8 deletion mutants. Coimmunoprecipitation and immuno uorescence analyses showed that ACOT8 Arg45-Phe55 and Arg86-Pro93 regions are involved in Nef association. In addition, K91S mutation abrogated the interaction with Nef, indicating that Lys91 plays a key role in the interaction. Finally, when associated with ACOT8, Nef may be preserved from degradation. These ndings improve the comprehensionof the association between HIV-1 Nef and ACOT8, helping elucidating the biological e ect of their interaction.
2016
HIV-1, molecular modeling, Nef, ACOT8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/937222
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