OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) of solid pancreatic neoplasms through the analysis of 10-year experiences of two centres.METHODS:Clinical, radiological and pathologic data of 2,024 patients with solid pancreatic masses who underwent US-FNAs were retrospectively evaluated. Indications for aspiration were: unresectable lesions before neo-adjuvant therapy; doubtful imaging findings; and suspicion of uncommon neoplasms with prognostic or therapeutic implications such as metastases or lymphoma. US-FNAs were performed using aspiration needles with a cytopathologist present in centre 1. In centre 2, cytologic samples were collected with Chiba needles and separately evaluated by a cytopathologist.RESULTS:US-FNA had a diagnostic sample rate of 92.2 % (centre 1: 95.9 %; centre 2: 87.2 %). US-FNA repetition after non-diagnostic samples provided a diagnosis in 86.3 % of cases. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy were 98.7 %, 100 %, 100 %, 75.5 %, and 98.7 %, respectively. The complication rate was 0.8 %.CONCLUSIONS:Percutaneous US-FNA is a sensitive, accurate and safe method for the invasive diagnosis of solid pancreatic neoplasms. The use of aspiration needles and the on-site presence of a cytopathologist may lead to a high rate of diagnostic samples, thus reducing the need for US-FNA repetition.KEY POINTS:• Percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of pancreatic neoplasms is sensitive and accurate. • The short-term complication rate of percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration is low. • Technical aspects may influence the rate of diagnostic samples.

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration of solid pancreatic neoplasms: 10-year experience with more than 2,000 cases and a review of the literature

D'ONOFRIO, Mirko;DE ROBERTIS LOMBARDI, Riccardo;MARTONE, Enrico;MANFRIN, Erminia;GOBBO, Stefano;PUNTEL, Gino;BONETTI, Franco;POZZI MUCELLI, Roberto
2016-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) of solid pancreatic neoplasms through the analysis of 10-year experiences of two centres.METHODS:Clinical, radiological and pathologic data of 2,024 patients with solid pancreatic masses who underwent US-FNAs were retrospectively evaluated. Indications for aspiration were: unresectable lesions before neo-adjuvant therapy; doubtful imaging findings; and suspicion of uncommon neoplasms with prognostic or therapeutic implications such as metastases or lymphoma. US-FNAs were performed using aspiration needles with a cytopathologist present in centre 1. In centre 2, cytologic samples were collected with Chiba needles and separately evaluated by a cytopathologist.RESULTS:US-FNA had a diagnostic sample rate of 92.2 % (centre 1: 95.9 %; centre 2: 87.2 %). US-FNA repetition after non-diagnostic samples provided a diagnosis in 86.3 % of cases. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy were 98.7 %, 100 %, 100 %, 75.5 %, and 98.7 %, respectively. The complication rate was 0.8 %.CONCLUSIONS:Percutaneous US-FNA is a sensitive, accurate and safe method for the invasive diagnosis of solid pancreatic neoplasms. The use of aspiration needles and the on-site presence of a cytopathologist may lead to a high rate of diagnostic samples, thus reducing the need for US-FNA repetition.KEY POINTS:• Percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of pancreatic neoplasms is sensitive and accurate. • The short-term complication rate of percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration is low. • Technical aspects may influence the rate of diagnostic samples.
Cytology; Fine-needle aspiration; Neoplasms; Pancreas; Ultrasound
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/927044
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