Since the first World Cup open to woman in 1991, rugby union is increasingly practiced, non-professionally, by female athletes. Yet, the knowledge of the physiological and anthropometric characteristics of women players is scarce (1) and, due to the evolution of this sport in the recent years, it is also dated. To fill in this gap, this descriptive study was aimed at providing normative data on selected, physiological and anthropometric variables in elite women players.Methods11 forwards (FW) and 11 backs (BK) from the Italian National team, regularly engaged in elite training and international competitions were tested. Body mass, stature, % body fat and lean body mass, maximum oxygen consumption and vertical jump height were measured. Mean and standard deviation were calculated in FW and BK and in positional subgroups (front row FW, back row FW, inside BK, outside BK) (2) and compared by t test (p< 0.05). Results & DiscussionThe athletes were 24±4 years old, with a 9±6 years playing experience. FW were significantly taller, heavier, had a larger lean mass, VO2max and squat jump ability compared to BK. Front row FW were significantly taller, heavier, fatter and had a larger lean mass compared to back row FW. No differences were detected within BK. group # mass(Kg) height(m) fat(%) lean mass(Kg) VO2max(l*min-1) SJ(cm) CMJ(cm)FW 11 71±12* 1.68±0.1* 24±6 53±5 * 3.0±0.4* 26±4* 29±3BK 11 63±6 1.63±0.1 24±4 47±4 2.7±0.5 24±3 29±4FR FW 5 79±14§ 1.71±0.1§ 28±6§ 56±5§ 3.1±0.3 25±2 28±2BR FW 6 65±5 1.64±0.0 22±6 51±3 2.9±0.4 27±5 30±4I BK 6 64±6 1.63±0.1 26±4 47±4 2.8±0.5 23±3 29±3O BK 4 61±7 1.63±0.1 22±4 48±5 2.6±0.3 24±4 29±5* and § indicate, respectively, a significant difference vs BK and within FW subgroups.ConclusionIn elite women players, role differences appear between forwards and backs and between forwards subgroups. This suggest that specificity in the physical requirements of rugby union in individual playing positions is present in women as well as in males playing at the international level .
|Titolo:||Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of elite women's rugby union players|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.01 Contributo in atti di convegno|