S. D. KRZHIZHANOVSKY'S VOZVRASHCHENIE MIUNKHGAUZENA: THE NARRATIVE MODELS OFXVIII CENTURY IN THE LITERARY CONTEXT OF SOVIET RUSSIA.This article of mine focuses on the povest’ Vozvrashchenie Miunkhgauzena by Sigizmund Dominikovich Krzhizhanovsky (1887-1950), a writer not well known both in Russia and in the West. During the Soviet period he could publish only a small part of his own literary works because of the deep erudition of his prose works and because of his refusal to stick to the official literary canon. The scant circulation of Krzhizhanovsky’s literary heritage has contributed in the creation of the opinion that he was an isolated writer, cast out from his contemporary cultural context with all its literary streams. Indeed, Krzhizhanovsky perfectly representshis period. The povest’ “Vozvrashchenie Miunkhgauzena” clearly express this strong connection to his literary contemporaneity. The narrative structure of this work is characterized by a meta-fictional and meta-philosophical erudite dialog with some of the most famous literary protagonists of that time. Moreover, some ideas and personalities of the cultural past are part of the narration (from Raspe to Kant). From a diachronic point of view, even the title of this work seems to be meaningful: the author chooses as protagonist the Baron of Munchhausen, a literary figure of XVIII century, giving him a new life; from a synchronic point of view, the character of Munchhausen, which in the povest’plays the role of the “Great provoker” of the Soviet Country, can be part of a list including many well known “provokers” of the Twenties and Thirties of Twentieth century, like I. Ehrenburg’s Julio Jurenito and M. Bulgakov’s Voland.
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