Introduction Squat jump training is a common method to improve athletic performance. The load that maximize power is around 30% of maximal dynamic strength, i.e. body weight only.(Cormie 2007) However, also weighted jump training has been proved effective to enhance jump or sprint(Mc Bride 2002) Few studies measured changes in muscle mass and architecture to better understand physiological mechanisms those lead to a better field performance. Aim or the study is to evaluate a dose response effect of weighted or unweighted squat jump training on muscle strength, mass structure, jump and sprint ability. Methods Forty eight healthy students were randomly assigned to body weight only (BW), 25% body mass weighted squat jump training (WJ) and control group (CON).Isokinetic quadriceps strength(MVC), lower limbs total lean mass (DEXA), architectural adjustments (ultrasound), Squat jump (SJ), 30m dash, 20+20m shuttle and ability T test were assessed before and after 8 weeks of 60 maximal jumps, twice a week. All the dependent variables were analyzed after log transformation with ANCOVA using the baseline values as covariate and factor “group” as independent variable. Results No differences appeared in CON. Compared to baseline, BW improved MVC (23%,16 to 30,p<0,001), lean mass (2%,1 to 4 p<0,05), fascicle length (11%,7 to 16, p<0,001), SJ (10%,6 to 15, p<0,001), 20+20m(-3%,-5 to -1 p<0,05). Compared to baseline, WJ improved MVC(22%,15 to 29,p<0,001), lean mass(5%,3 to 7, p<0,001) fascicle length (5% 0 to 9,p<0,05), SJ(5%,0 to 10,p<0,05), 20+20m(-3%,-6 to -1,p<0,01), 30m(-3% -1 to -5,p<0,01). All parameters were significantly different from CON. BW had significant alterations in muscle architecture compared to WJ, while the latter improved 30m dash and T Test running test more than BW. Discussion Jump training improved task related quadriceps strength, also by an increment of lower limbs lean mass, that caused a power transfer in jumping and shuttle test. Greater velocity contractions in BW caused different architectural alterations(Blazevich 2003). Higher changing direction agility and sprint power could be related to increased strength expression in WJ. Blazevich AJ, Gill ND, Bronks R, Newton RU: Training-specific muscle architecture adaptation after 5-wk training in athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Dec;35(12):2013-22. Cormie P, Mc Caulley GO, Mc Bride JM: Power Versus Strength–Power Jump Squat Training: Influence on the Load–Power Relationship. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc.,39(6), pp. 996–1003, 2007. Mc Bride JM, Mc Bride T, Davie A, Newton RU: The effect of heavy- vs. light-load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed. J Strength Cond Res. 2002 Feb;16(1):75-82

Effects of dose response load squat jump training on muscle strength, structure and performance.

CORATELLA, Giuseppe;SCHENA, Federico
2012

Abstract

Introduction Squat jump training is a common method to improve athletic performance. The load that maximize power is around 30% of maximal dynamic strength, i.e. body weight only.(Cormie 2007) However, also weighted jump training has been proved effective to enhance jump or sprint(Mc Bride 2002) Few studies measured changes in muscle mass and architecture to better understand physiological mechanisms those lead to a better field performance. Aim or the study is to evaluate a dose response effect of weighted or unweighted squat jump training on muscle strength, mass structure, jump and sprint ability. Methods Forty eight healthy students were randomly assigned to body weight only (BW), 25% body mass weighted squat jump training (WJ) and control group (CON).Isokinetic quadriceps strength(MVC), lower limbs total lean mass (DEXA), architectural adjustments (ultrasound), Squat jump (SJ), 30m dash, 20+20m shuttle and ability T test were assessed before and after 8 weeks of 60 maximal jumps, twice a week. All the dependent variables were analyzed after log transformation with ANCOVA using the baseline values as covariate and factor “group” as independent variable. Results No differences appeared in CON. Compared to baseline, BW improved MVC (23%,16 to 30,p<0,001), lean mass (2%,1 to 4 p<0,05), fascicle length (11%,7 to 16, p<0,001), SJ (10%,6 to 15, p<0,001), 20+20m(-3%,-5 to -1 p<0,05). Compared to baseline, WJ improved MVC(22%,15 to 29,p<0,001), lean mass(5%,3 to 7, p<0,001) fascicle length (5% 0 to 9,p<0,05), SJ(5%,0 to 10,p<0,05), 20+20m(-3%,-6 to -1,p<0,01), 30m(-3% -1 to -5,p<0,01). All parameters were significantly different from CON. BW had significant alterations in muscle architecture compared to WJ, while the latter improved 30m dash and T Test running test more than BW. Discussion Jump training improved task related quadriceps strength, also by an increment of lower limbs lean mass, that caused a power transfer in jumping and shuttle test. Greater velocity contractions in BW caused different architectural alterations(Blazevich 2003). Higher changing direction agility and sprint power could be related to increased strength expression in WJ. Blazevich AJ, Gill ND, Bronks R, Newton RU: Training-specific muscle architecture adaptation after 5-wk training in athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Dec;35(12):2013-22. Cormie P, Mc Caulley GO, Mc Bride JM: Power Versus Strength–Power Jump Squat Training: Influence on the Load–Power Relationship. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc.,39(6), pp. 996–1003, 2007. Mc Bride JM, Mc Bride T, Davie A, Newton RU: The effect of heavy- vs. light-load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed. J Strength Cond Res. 2002 Feb;16(1):75-82
squat jump; strength training; sports performance
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/573349
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact