The penetration of ciprofloxacin in pancreatic juice was investigated in 5 patients with pancreatic fistula. The drug was administered as a single oral dose of 500 mg after which serial samples of pancreatic juice and serum were collected for ciprofloxacin assay. The following pharmacokinetic parameters (mean +/- SD) were estimated from the serum level versus time curves: clearance 11.51 +/- 2.85 (ml/min/kg); Vd area 3.08 +/- 1.20 ml/kg; terminal half-life 3.10 +/- 0.92 h; mean residence time 5.64 +/- 1.40 h. Ciprofloxacin serum levels declined rapidly after the third hour, whereas concentrations in pancreatic juice remained elevated (above 1 mg/1) for nearly 12 h. The pancreatic juice/serum ciprofloxacin concentration ratio increased gradually fom 0.63 +/- 0.45 after 0.5 h to 6.18 +/- 4.59 after 12 h (mean +/- SD). Our data indicate that while the drug elimination half-life from the serum is short, the time-course of ciprofloxacin levels in the pancreatic juice conforms to a much slower disappearance rate. In particular, the ciprofloxacin levels achieved in pancreatic juice are constantly greater than the MICs of the bacteria generally responsible for pancreatic infections.

Ciprofloxacin penetration in pancreatic juice

PEDERZOLI, Paolo;FALCONI, Massimo;BASSI, Claudio;
1987

Abstract

The penetration of ciprofloxacin in pancreatic juice was investigated in 5 patients with pancreatic fistula. The drug was administered as a single oral dose of 500 mg after which serial samples of pancreatic juice and serum were collected for ciprofloxacin assay. The following pharmacokinetic parameters (mean +/- SD) were estimated from the serum level versus time curves: clearance 11.51 +/- 2.85 (ml/min/kg); Vd area 3.08 +/- 1.20 ml/kg; terminal half-life 3.10 +/- 0.92 h; mean residence time 5.64 +/- 1.40 h. Ciprofloxacin serum levels declined rapidly after the third hour, whereas concentrations in pancreatic juice remained elevated (above 1 mg/1) for nearly 12 h. The pancreatic juice/serum ciprofloxacin concentration ratio increased gradually fom 0.63 +/- 0.45 after 0.5 h to 6.18 +/- 4.59 after 12 h (mean +/- SD). Our data indicate that while the drug elimination half-life from the serum is short, the time-course of ciprofloxacin levels in the pancreatic juice conforms to a much slower disappearance rate. In particular, the ciprofloxacin levels achieved in pancreatic juice are constantly greater than the MICs of the bacteria generally responsible for pancreatic infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/4921
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