We report on the first association of celiac disease, polyarteritis nodosa and HBV infection in a patient who developed a neuropathy. On admission his general and neurological conditions were severely compromised. Haematological test revealed HBV infection and high levels of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase, endomysium, gliadin. EMG showed sensory-motor asymmetric axonal neuropathy. A sural nerve biopsy revealed fibre loss, axonal degeneration with asymmetrical distribution and fascicular ischaemia. A duodenal biopsy was consistent with celiac disease. The patient was treated with immunosuppressive and antiviral therapy, and gluten-free diet with good result. Celiac disease can be related to a higher risk of autoimmune disorders and may have contributed to the development of multineuropathy in this patient.

Multineuropathy in a patient with HBV infection, polyarteritis nodosa and celiac disease.

FERRARI, Sergio;CAVALLARO, Tiziana;RIZZUTO, Nicolo';TONIN, PAOLA
2009-01-01

Abstract

We report on the first association of celiac disease, polyarteritis nodosa and HBV infection in a patient who developed a neuropathy. On admission his general and neurological conditions were severely compromised. Haematological test revealed HBV infection and high levels of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase, endomysium, gliadin. EMG showed sensory-motor asymmetric axonal neuropathy. A sural nerve biopsy revealed fibre loss, axonal degeneration with asymmetrical distribution and fascicular ischaemia. A duodenal biopsy was consistent with celiac disease. The patient was treated with immunosuppressive and antiviral therapy, and gluten-free diet with good result. Celiac disease can be related to a higher risk of autoimmune disorders and may have contributed to the development of multineuropathy in this patient.
Ischaemic neuropathy; HBV infection; Panarteritis nodosa; Celiac disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/337289
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