We describe a late-onset autosomal dominant limb girdle myopathy, associated with dilated cardiomyopathy and mental deterioration. In two affected members of the pedigree with histochemical (ragged-red and cytocrome c oxidase - negative fibers) and ultrastructural abnormalities of muscle mitochondria, in vivo muscle phosphorus MR spectroscopy disclosed a slow rate of phosphocreatine resynthesis after exercise. Brain phosphorus MR spectroscopy revealed a defect of the energy metabolism in the two patients and in a third asymptomatic member, as shown by a significantly low phosphocreatine, increased ADP and decreased phosphorylation potential. Molecular analysis of muscle mitochondrial DNA failed to reveal any known mutation, including multiple deletions of the mtDNA which have been associated with some autosomal dominant mitochondrial diseases. The multisystem clinical involvement, the presence of ragged-red fibers and the alterations revealed by in vivo brain and muscle P-31-MRS suggest that this limb-girdle syndrome represents an unusual phenotype of mitochondrial cytopathy.

Autosomal dominant limb girdle myopathy with ragged-red fibers and cardiomyopathy. A pedigree study by in vivo 31P-MR spectroscopy indicating a mutlisystem mitochondrial defect.

FABRIZI, Gian Maria;CAVALLARO, Tiziana;
1996-01-01

Abstract

We describe a late-onset autosomal dominant limb girdle myopathy, associated with dilated cardiomyopathy and mental deterioration. In two affected members of the pedigree with histochemical (ragged-red and cytocrome c oxidase - negative fibers) and ultrastructural abnormalities of muscle mitochondria, in vivo muscle phosphorus MR spectroscopy disclosed a slow rate of phosphocreatine resynthesis after exercise. Brain phosphorus MR spectroscopy revealed a defect of the energy metabolism in the two patients and in a third asymptomatic member, as shown by a significantly low phosphocreatine, increased ADP and decreased phosphorylation potential. Molecular analysis of muscle mitochondrial DNA failed to reveal any known mutation, including multiple deletions of the mtDNA which have been associated with some autosomal dominant mitochondrial diseases. The multisystem clinical involvement, the presence of ragged-red fibers and the alterations revealed by in vivo brain and muscle P-31-MRS suggest that this limb-girdle syndrome represents an unusual phenotype of mitochondrial cytopathy.
limb girdle myopathy; cardiomyopathy; mitochondrial encephalo-myopathy; P-31-MR spectroscopy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/310545
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