Background: Utility of partial nephrectomy (PN) for complex renal mass (CRM) is controversial. We determined the impact of surgical modality on postoperative renal functional outcomes for CRM. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a multicenter registry (ROSULA). CRM was defined as RENAL Score 10-12. The cohort was divided into PN and radical nephrectomy (RN) for analyses. Primary outcome was development of de-novo estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<45 mL/min/1.73 m2. Secondary outcomes were de-novo eGFR<60 and ΔeGFR between diagnosis and last follow-up. Cox proportional hazards was used to elucidate predictors for de-novo eGFR<60 and <45. Linear regression was utilized to analyze ΔeGFR. Kaplan-Meier Analysis (KMA) was performed to analyze 5-year freedom from de-novo eGFR<60 and <45. Results: We analyzed 969 patients (RN=429/PN=540; median follow-up 24.0 months). RN patients had lower BMI (P<0.001) and larger tumor size (P<0.001). Overall postoperative complication rate was higher for PN (P<0.001), but there was no difference in major complications (Clavien III-IV; P=0.702). MVA demonstrated age (HR=1.05, P<0.001), tumor-size (HR=1.05, P=0.046), RN (HR=2.57, P<0.001), and BMI (HR=1.04, P=0.001) to be associated with risk for de-novo eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Age (HR=1.03, P<0.001), BMI (HR=1.06, P<0.001), baseline eGFR (HR=0.99, P=0.002), tumor size (HR=1.07, P=0.007) and RN (HR=2.39, P<0.001) were risk factors for de-novo eGFR<45 mL/min/1.73 m2. RN (B=-10.89, P<0.001) was associated with greater ΔeGFR. KMA revealed worse 5-year freedom from de-novo eGFR<60 (71% vs. 33%, P<0.001) and de-novo eGFR<45 (79% vs. 65%, P<0.001) for RN. Conclusions: PN provides functional benefit in selected patients with CRM without significant increase in major complications compared to RN, and should be considered when technically feasible.

Partial versus radical nephrectomy for complex renal mass: multicenter comparative analysis of functional outcomes (Rosula collaborative group)

Cerrato, Clara;Cerruto, Maria A;Antonelli, Alessandro;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Utility of partial nephrectomy (PN) for complex renal mass (CRM) is controversial. We determined the impact of surgical modality on postoperative renal functional outcomes for CRM. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a multicenter registry (ROSULA). CRM was defined as RENAL Score 10-12. The cohort was divided into PN and radical nephrectomy (RN) for analyses. Primary outcome was development of de-novo estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<45 mL/min/1.73 m2. Secondary outcomes were de-novo eGFR<60 and ΔeGFR between diagnosis and last follow-up. Cox proportional hazards was used to elucidate predictors for de-novo eGFR<60 and <45. Linear regression was utilized to analyze ΔeGFR. Kaplan-Meier Analysis (KMA) was performed to analyze 5-year freedom from de-novo eGFR<60 and <45. Results: We analyzed 969 patients (RN=429/PN=540; median follow-up 24.0 months). RN patients had lower BMI (P<0.001) and larger tumor size (P<0.001). Overall postoperative complication rate was higher for PN (P<0.001), but there was no difference in major complications (Clavien III-IV; P=0.702). MVA demonstrated age (HR=1.05, P<0.001), tumor-size (HR=1.05, P=0.046), RN (HR=2.57, P<0.001), and BMI (HR=1.04, P=0.001) to be associated with risk for de-novo eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Age (HR=1.03, P<0.001), BMI (HR=1.06, P<0.001), baseline eGFR (HR=0.99, P=0.002), tumor size (HR=1.07, P=0.007) and RN (HR=2.39, P<0.001) were risk factors for de-novo eGFR<45 mL/min/1.73 m2. RN (B=-10.89, P<0.001) was associated with greater ΔeGFR. KMA revealed worse 5-year freedom from de-novo eGFR<60 (71% vs. 33%, P<0.001) and de-novo eGFR<45 (79% vs. 65%, P<0.001) for RN. Conclusions: PN provides functional benefit in selected patients with CRM without significant increase in major complications compared to RN, and should be considered when technically feasible.
2023
chronic renal insufficiency
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Nephrectomy
renal cell carcinoma
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Partial vs radical nephrectomy 2023.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Dominio pubblico
Dimensione 1.9 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.9 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1105767
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact