Background: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a complex sensorimotor disorder. Symptoms worsen toward evening and at rest and are temporarily relieved by movement. Symptoms are perceived as painful in up to 45% of cases, and nociception system may be involved. Objectives: To assess the descending diffuse noxious inhibitory control in RLS patients. Methods: Twenty-one RLS patients and twenty age and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent a conditioned pain modulation protocol. Cutaneous heat stimuli were delivered via laser evoked potentials (LEPs) on the dorsum of the right hand (UL) and foot (LL). N2 and P2 latencies, N2/P2 amplitude and pain ratings (NRS) were recorded before (baseline), during, and after a heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulation (HNCS) application. The baseline/HNCS ratio was calculated for both UL and LL. Results: N2 and P2 latencies did not vary between groups at each condition and limbs. Both groups showed a physiological N2/P2 amplitude and NRS reduction during the HNCS condition in UL and LL in comparison to baseline and post conditions (all, P < 0.003). Between-groups comparisons revealed a significant lower amplitude reduction in RLS at the N2/P2 amplitude during the HNCS condition only for LL (RLS, 13.6 μV; HC, 10.1 μV; P = 0.004). Such result was confirmed by the significant difference at the ratio (RLS, 69%, HC, 52.5%; P = 0.038). Conclusions: The lower physiological reduction during the HNCS condition at LL in RLS patients suggests a defect in the endogenous inhibitory pain system. Further studies should clarify the causal link of this finding, also investigating the circadian modulation of this paradigm. © 2023 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Defect of the endogenous inhibitory pain system in idiopathic restless legs syndrome: a laser evoked potentials study

Antelmi, Elena
;
Segatti, Alessia;Tinazzi, Michele
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a complex sensorimotor disorder. Symptoms worsen toward evening and at rest and are temporarily relieved by movement. Symptoms are perceived as painful in up to 45% of cases, and nociception system may be involved. Objectives: To assess the descending diffuse noxious inhibitory control in RLS patients. Methods: Twenty-one RLS patients and twenty age and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent a conditioned pain modulation protocol. Cutaneous heat stimuli were delivered via laser evoked potentials (LEPs) on the dorsum of the right hand (UL) and foot (LL). N2 and P2 latencies, N2/P2 amplitude and pain ratings (NRS) were recorded before (baseline), during, and after a heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulation (HNCS) application. The baseline/HNCS ratio was calculated for both UL and LL. Results: N2 and P2 latencies did not vary between groups at each condition and limbs. Both groups showed a physiological N2/P2 amplitude and NRS reduction during the HNCS condition in UL and LL in comparison to baseline and post conditions (all, P < 0.003). Between-groups comparisons revealed a significant lower amplitude reduction in RLS at the N2/P2 amplitude during the HNCS condition only for LL (RLS, 13.6 μV; HC, 10.1 μV; P = 0.004). Such result was confirmed by the significant difference at the ratio (RLS, 69%, HC, 52.5%; P = 0.038). Conclusions: The lower physiological reduction during the HNCS condition at LL in RLS patients suggests a defect in the endogenous inhibitory pain system. Further studies should clarify the causal link of this finding, also investigating the circadian modulation of this paradigm. © 2023 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
2023
laser evoked potentials
neurophysiology
pain system
restless legs syndrome
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1096826
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