Introduction: Artificial intelligence (AI) is currently being used to augment histopathological diagnostics in pathology. This systematic review aims to evaluate the evolution of these AI-based diagnostic techniques for diagnosing head and neck neoplasms. Materials and methods: Articles regarding the use of AI for head and neck pathology published from 1982 until March 2022 were evaluated based on a search strategy determined by a multidisciplinary team of pathologists and otolaryngologists. Data from eligible articles were summarized according to author, year of publication, country, study population, tumor details, study results, and limitations. Results: Thirteen articles were included according to inclusion criteria. The selected studies were published between 2012 and March 1, 2022. Most of these studies concern the diagnosis of oral cancer; in particular, 6 are related to the oral cavity, 2 to the larynx, 1 to the salivary glands, and 4 to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS). As for the type of diagnostics considered, 12 concerned histopathology and 1 cytology. Discussion: Starting from the pathological examination, artificial intelligence tools are an excellent solution for implementing diagnosis capability. Nevertheless, today the unavailability of large training datasets is a main issue that needs to be overcome to realize the true potential.

Artificial intelligence in head and neck cancer diagnosis

Bassani, Sara;Santonicco, Nicola;Eccher, Albino;Scarpa, Aldo;Brunelli, Matteo;Bisi, Nicola;Nocini, Riccardo;Sacchetto, Luca;Munari, Enrico;Girolami, Ilaria;Molteni, Gabriele
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Artificial intelligence (AI) is currently being used to augment histopathological diagnostics in pathology. This systematic review aims to evaluate the evolution of these AI-based diagnostic techniques for diagnosing head and neck neoplasms. Materials and methods: Articles regarding the use of AI for head and neck pathology published from 1982 until March 2022 were evaluated based on a search strategy determined by a multidisciplinary team of pathologists and otolaryngologists. Data from eligible articles were summarized according to author, year of publication, country, study population, tumor details, study results, and limitations. Results: Thirteen articles were included according to inclusion criteria. The selected studies were published between 2012 and March 1, 2022. Most of these studies concern the diagnosis of oral cancer; in particular, 6 are related to the oral cavity, 2 to the larynx, 1 to the salivary glands, and 4 to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS). As for the type of diagnostics considered, 12 concerned histopathology and 1 cytology. Discussion: Starting from the pathological examination, artificial intelligence tools are an excellent solution for implementing diagnosis capability. Nevertheless, today the unavailability of large training datasets is a main issue that needs to be overcome to realize the true potential.
Artificial intelligence
Diagnosis
Head and neck cancer
Pathology
Whole slide imaging
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1082075
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