Tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) are the mostprevalent cells recruited in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Once recruited, TAMs acquire a pro-tumor phenotype characterized by a typical morphology: ameboid in the tumor core and with larger soma and thick branches in the tumor periphery. Targeting TAMs by reverting them to an anti-tumor phenotype is a promising strategy for cancer immunotherapy. Taking advantage of Cx3cr1GFP/WT heterozygous mice implanted with murine glioma GL261-RFP cells we investigated the role of Ca2+-activated K+ channel (KCa3.1) on the phenotypic shift of TAMs at the late stage of glioma growth through in vivo two-photon imaging. We demonstrated that TAMs respond promptly to KCa3.1 inhibition using a selective inhibitor of the channel (TRAM-34) in a time-dependent manner by boosting ramified projections attributable to a less hypertrophic phenotype in the tumor core. We also revealed a selective effect of drug treatment by reducing both glioma cells and TAMs in the tumor core with no interference with surrounding cells. Taken together, our data indicate a TRAM-34-dependent progressive morphological transformation of TAMs toward a ramified and anti-tumor phenotype, suggesting that the timing of KCa3.1 inhibition is a key point to allow beneficial effects on TAMs.

In vivo morphological alterations of TAMs during KCa3.1 inhibition—by using in vivo two-photon time-lapse technology

Massenzio, Francesca
;
Cambiaghi, Marco;Marchiotto, Federica;Boriero, Diana;Buffelli, Mario
2022-01-01

Abstract

Tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) are the mostprevalent cells recruited in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Once recruited, TAMs acquire a pro-tumor phenotype characterized by a typical morphology: ameboid in the tumor core and with larger soma and thick branches in the tumor periphery. Targeting TAMs by reverting them to an anti-tumor phenotype is a promising strategy for cancer immunotherapy. Taking advantage of Cx3cr1GFP/WT heterozygous mice implanted with murine glioma GL261-RFP cells we investigated the role of Ca2+-activated K+ channel (KCa3.1) on the phenotypic shift of TAMs at the late stage of glioma growth through in vivo two-photon imaging. We demonstrated that TAMs respond promptly to KCa3.1 inhibition using a selective inhibitor of the channel (TRAM-34) in a time-dependent manner by boosting ramified projections attributable to a less hypertrophic phenotype in the tumor core. We also revealed a selective effect of drug treatment by reducing both glioma cells and TAMs in the tumor core with no interference with surrounding cells. Taken together, our data indicate a TRAM-34-dependent progressive morphological transformation of TAMs toward a ramified and anti-tumor phenotype, suggesting that the timing of KCa3.1 inhibition is a key point to allow beneficial effects on TAMs.
Ca2+ activated K+ channels
TRAM-34
tumor associated macrophages (TAMs)
immune cells in the glioma
two-photon imaging
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1080772
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