Purpose: To describe the microscopic epithelial changes and the clinical outcomes of a patient treated with amniotic membrane eye drops (AMED) because of a persistent epithelial defect (PED) and a partial limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) after simple limbal epithelial transplantation (SLET) and deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). Observations: A 72-year-old patient, who had previously undergone SLET and DALK due to a total LSCD, presented with a PED related to a partial LSCD, and was treated with AMED for one month. We evaluated the patient's visual acuity, the Oxford grading scale, the Wong-Baker Pain Rating Scale, and in vivo confocal microscopy, both at baseline and 3 months after the end of treatment. Visual acuity improved from 0.5 to 0.4 LogMAR, the Oxford grading scale changed from grade III to grade I and the Wong-Baker Pain Rating Scale from grade 4 to grade 1. The corneal surface, which initially showed conjunctival characteristics over approximately 50% of the whole area, consisted mainly (75%) of mature corneal epithelium 3 months after the end of treatment. Conclusions and importance: While improving symptoms and clinical characteristics, AMED was also able to restore the normal corneal epithelium's morphology in a case of partial LSCD after SLET and DALK.

Microscopic corneal epithelial changes and clinical outcomes in simple limbal epithelial transplantation surgery after treatment with amniotic membrane eye drops (AMED): A case report

Bonacci, Erika;Kilian, Raphael
;
Rizzo, Clara;Bosello, Francesca;Fasolo, Adriano;Marchini, Giorgio;Pedrotti, Emilio
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the microscopic epithelial changes and the clinical outcomes of a patient treated with amniotic membrane eye drops (AMED) because of a persistent epithelial defect (PED) and a partial limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) after simple limbal epithelial transplantation (SLET) and deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). Observations: A 72-year-old patient, who had previously undergone SLET and DALK due to a total LSCD, presented with a PED related to a partial LSCD, and was treated with AMED for one month. We evaluated the patient's visual acuity, the Oxford grading scale, the Wong-Baker Pain Rating Scale, and in vivo confocal microscopy, both at baseline and 3 months after the end of treatment. Visual acuity improved from 0.5 to 0.4 LogMAR, the Oxford grading scale changed from grade III to grade I and the Wong-Baker Pain Rating Scale from grade 4 to grade 1. The corneal surface, which initially showed conjunctival characteristics over approximately 50% of the whole area, consisted mainly (75%) of mature corneal epithelium 3 months after the end of treatment. Conclusions and importance: While improving symptoms and clinical characteristics, AMED was also able to restore the normal corneal epithelium's morphology in a case of partial LSCD after SLET and DALK.
AMED
AMEED
Amniotic membrane
Amniotic membrane eye drops
Limbal stem cell deficiency
Simple limbal epithelial transplantation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1080530
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