In sessile serrated lesions (SSLs) with adenomatous dysplasia, the dysplastic component and the serrated component without dysplasia should be considered as part of the same lesion, classified as SSL with dysplasia. However, some of these lesions may actually represent collisions between a serrated polyp and a conventional adenoma. Further supporting the "collision theory", conventional adenomatous dysplasia may be found in association with hyperplastic polyps (HPs). In order to determine the molecular and biological landscape of conventional type dysplasia in serrated lesions, we collected 17 cases of colorectal serrated lesions with adenomatous dysplasia, classifying them as SSL with dysplasia (n = 10) or as mixed lesions comprising a HP component and a conventional adenomatous component (n = 7). We characterized the dysplastic and the non-dysplastic component of each lesion, after microdissection, through the targeted mutational analysis of 11 commonly altered genes in colorectal cancer (AKT1, APC, BRAF, CTNNB1, KIT, KRAS, NRAS, PDGFRA, PIK3CA, PTEN and TP53). We also characterized MMR and p53 status by immunohistochemistry. Overall, 14/17 (82.4 %) cases harbored a mutation in at least one of the two components. The most altered genes were BRAF in 10/17 (58.8 %) cases, APC in 2/17 (11.8 %) and TP53 in 4/17 (23.5 %). Among the SSL with dysplasia, the mutational profile was concordant between the two components in 7/10 (70 %) cases, while among the mixed lesions, the mutational profile was concordant in 1/7 (14.3 %). In all but two cases of SSL with dysplasia, MMR status was concordant between the two components of the serrated lesions. Our findings suggest that adenomatous dysplasia may develop in SSL as part of the serrated lesion, even if some SSL with dysplasia may actually be collision lesions. On the other hand, the polyps that are morphologically classifiable as mixed lesions composed of a HP and a conventional adenomatous component are more likely to be collision lesions.

Morphological and molecular characterization of colorectal sessile serrated lesions with dysplasia

Luchini, Claudio;
2022

Abstract

In sessile serrated lesions (SSLs) with adenomatous dysplasia, the dysplastic component and the serrated component without dysplasia should be considered as part of the same lesion, classified as SSL with dysplasia. However, some of these lesions may actually represent collisions between a serrated polyp and a conventional adenoma. Further supporting the "collision theory", conventional adenomatous dysplasia may be found in association with hyperplastic polyps (HPs). In order to determine the molecular and biological landscape of conventional type dysplasia in serrated lesions, we collected 17 cases of colorectal serrated lesions with adenomatous dysplasia, classifying them as SSL with dysplasia (n = 10) or as mixed lesions comprising a HP component and a conventional adenomatous component (n = 7). We characterized the dysplastic and the non-dysplastic component of each lesion, after microdissection, through the targeted mutational analysis of 11 commonly altered genes in colorectal cancer (AKT1, APC, BRAF, CTNNB1, KIT, KRAS, NRAS, PDGFRA, PIK3CA, PTEN and TP53). We also characterized MMR and p53 status by immunohistochemistry. Overall, 14/17 (82.4 %) cases harbored a mutation in at least one of the two components. The most altered genes were BRAF in 10/17 (58.8 %) cases, APC in 2/17 (11.8 %) and TP53 in 4/17 (23.5 %). Among the SSL with dysplasia, the mutational profile was concordant between the two components in 7/10 (70 %) cases, while among the mixed lesions, the mutational profile was concordant in 1/7 (14.3 %). In all but two cases of SSL with dysplasia, MMR status was concordant between the two components of the serrated lesions. Our findings suggest that adenomatous dysplasia may develop in SSL as part of the serrated lesion, even if some SSL with dysplasia may actually be collision lesions. On the other hand, the polyps that are morphologically classifiable as mixed lesions composed of a HP and a conventional adenomatous component are more likely to be collision lesions.
Biomarkers; Colon adenoma; Dysplasia, hyperplastic polyp; Preinvasive lesions
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1079144
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