BACKGROUND: The prognostic impact of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) morphologic characteristics relative to KRAS mutational status after hepatic resection remains ill defined.STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing hepatectomy for CRLM between 2001 and 2018 were identified using an international multi-institutional database. Tumor burden score (TBS) was defined as distance from origin on a Cartesian plane that incorporated maximum tumor size (x-axis) and number of lesions (y-axis). Impact of TBS on overall survival (OS) relative to KRAS status (wild type [wtKRAS] vs mutated [mutKRAS]) was assessed.RESULTS: Among 1,361 patients, the median number of metastatic lesions was 2 (interquartile range [IQR] 1-3), and median size of the largest metastatic lesion was 3.0 cm (IQR 2.0-5.0 cm), resulting in a median TBS of 4.1 (IQR 2.8-6.1); KRAS status was wtKRAS (n = 420, 30.9%), mutKRAS (n = 251, 18.4%), and unknown (n = 690, 50.7%). Overall median and 5-year OS were 49.5 months (95% CI 45.2e53.8) and 43.2%, respectively. In examining the entire cohort, TBS was associated with long-term prognosis (5-year OS, low TBS: 49.4% vs high TBS: 36.7%), as was KRAS mutational status (5-year OS, wtKRAS: 48.2% vs mutKRAS: 31.1%; unknown KRAS: 44.0%)(both p < 0.01). Among patients with wtKRAS tumors, TBS was strongly associated with improved OS (5-year OS, low TBS: 59.1% vs high TBS: 38.4%, p = 0.002); however, TBS failed to discriminate long-term prognosis among patients with mutKRAS tumors (5-year OS, low TBS: 37.4% vs high TBS: 26.7%, p = 0.19). In fact, patients with high TBS/wtKRAS CRLM had comparable outcomes to patients with low TBS/mut KRAS tumors (5-year OS, 38.4% vs 37.4%, respectively; p = 0.59). On multivariable analysis, while TBS was associated with OS among patients with wtKRAS CRLM (hazard ratio 1.43, 95%CI 1.02-2.00; p = 0.03), TBS was not an independent predictor of survival among patients with mutKRAS CRLM (HR 1.36, 95%CI 0.92-1.99; p = 0.12).CONCLUSIONS: While TBS was associated with survival among patients with wtKRAS tumors, CRLM morphology was not predictive of long-term outcomes among patients with mutKRAS CRLM. (C) 2020 by the American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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