The Fourth Industrial Revolution (also known as Industry 4.0) began in 2011 as a project inside the German government's high-tech plan. It took the notion of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) (Vogel-Heuser et al., 2016) and turned it into Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS) (Zuehlke, 2010). SmartFactory is one of Industry 4.0's core linked efforts (Jerman, 2021). The phrase Industry 4.0 was first used publicly in 2011 at the Hannover Fair (Vogel-Heuser et al., 2016), and it is based on the descriptions of the first three Industrial Revolutions below. The move from manual production methods to steam or water-powered equipment characterized the First Industrial Revolution. The Fifth Industrial Revolution arrived as corporations began to embrace Industry 4.0. (Industry 5.0). Industry 5.0 is understood to recognize the power of industry to achieve societal goals beyond jobs and growth (Xu et al., 2021), to become a resilient provider of prosperity, by ensuring that production respects our planet's boundaries and puts the well-being of industry workers at the center of the production process (European Economic and Social Committee, 2021). As a result, the primary goals of this research project are to: - improve the Industry 4.0 model and its digital technologies making them more human-centered and environmentally sustainable - developing and validating a complete I5.0 model from a strategic, operational, and performance measurement point of view, - developing the I5.0 model integrating I4.0 with other models such as Lean Production, Quality Management, and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), and - developing a framework to help manufacturing companies successfully plan and implement the Industry 5.0 model.
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