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|Titolo:||Somatostatin analogues and pancreatic fistulas|
|Autori interni:||BASSI, Claudio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Abstract:||Consideration is given to the characterisation of pancreatic fistulas (PFs), the rationale for their treatment, and supportive and specific treatment measures. Choice of treatment should be based not only on the percentage of closures achieved, but also on their time and cost. The combined use of parenteral nutrition (TPN) and somatostatin inhibits pancreatic secretion well; no therapy can inhibit it completely. Presumptive use of octreotide, a subcutaneous formulation of somatostatin, in patients undergoing elective pancreatic surgery, reduced postoperative complications, mainly PFs, in about 500 patients in two controlled double-blind clinical studies, confirming the use of octreotide both in prophylaxis and treatment. Octreotide has been tested on outpatients after a brief hospitalisation period, at a dose of 100 mg three times a day. Home treatment does not involve co-administration of TPN, thus lowering not only costs but also risks. Optimal doses and the types of fistula amenable to this therapy need to be established and we only use out-patient treatment for chronic low-output fistulas.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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