This study investigates the impact of antenatal and postnatal infection or inflammation on the onset and progression of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). We retrospectively collected clinical and demographic data of preterm infants with birth weight ≤ 1500 g or gestational age < 30 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Verona from 2015 to 2019. Uni- and multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate the potential effect of selected variables on the occurrence of any stage ROP and its progression to severe ROP, defined as ROP requiring treatment. Two hundred and eighty neonates were enrolled and 60 of them developed ROP (21.4%). Oxygen need for 28 days and late-onset sepsis (LOS) increased the risk of any grade ROP after adjusting for birth weight and gestational age (OR 6.35, 95% CI 2.14-18.85 and OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.04-5.94, respectively). Days of mechanical ventilation and of non-invasive ventilation increased the risk of progression to severe ROP after adjusting for birth weight and gestational age (OR 1.08, CI 1.02-1.14 and OR 1.06, CI 1.01-1.11, respectively). Exposure to infection with production of inflammatory mediators may contribute to increase the risk of ROP occurrence in very preterm neonates.

Early and late onset sepsis and retinopathy of prematurity in a cohort of preterm infants

Bonafiglia, Elena;Gusson, Elena;Longo, Rosa;Ficial, Benjamim
;
Tisato, Maria Giulia;Rossignoli, Sara;Caltran, Giulia;Pedrotti, Emilio;Beghini, Renzo;Marchini, Giorgio
2022

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of antenatal and postnatal infection or inflammation on the onset and progression of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). We retrospectively collected clinical and demographic data of preterm infants with birth weight ≤ 1500 g or gestational age < 30 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Verona from 2015 to 2019. Uni- and multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate the potential effect of selected variables on the occurrence of any stage ROP and its progression to severe ROP, defined as ROP requiring treatment. Two hundred and eighty neonates were enrolled and 60 of them developed ROP (21.4%). Oxygen need for 28 days and late-onset sepsis (LOS) increased the risk of any grade ROP after adjusting for birth weight and gestational age (OR 6.35, 95% CI 2.14-18.85 and OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.04-5.94, respectively). Days of mechanical ventilation and of non-invasive ventilation increased the risk of progression to severe ROP after adjusting for birth weight and gestational age (OR 1.08, CI 1.02-1.14 and OR 1.06, CI 1.01-1.11, respectively). Exposure to infection with production of inflammatory mediators may contribute to increase the risk of ROP occurrence in very preterm neonates.
Eye diseases
Neonatal sepsis
Paediatric research
Retinal diseases
Retinopathy of prematurity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1070631
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