BACKGROUND: Defects of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) are typical of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, an inherited autosomal recessive bleeding disorder characterized by the failure of platelets to aggregate in response to all physiological agonists, but with no abnormalities in the number or size of platelets. Although large heterogeneity has been described for Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, no family has so far been described as having an autosomal dominant form of this disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: We describe two Italian families with moderate thrombocytopenia with large platelets, defective platelet function and moderate/severe mucocutaneous bleeding, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait and associated with a novel integrin beta(3)-gene (ITGB3) mutation. RESULTS: The characteristics of our families are moderate macrothrombocytopenia and defective platelet function associated with a mild reduction of surface alpha(Ib) beta(3), impaired platelet aggregation to physiological agonists but not to ristocetin, normal clot retraction, reduced fibrinogen binding and expression of activated alpha(IIb)beta(3) upon stimulation, normal platelet adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen but reduced platelet spreading and tyrosine phosphorylation, indicating defective alpha(IIb)beta(3)-mediated outside-in signaling. Molecular analysis revealed a novel mutation of ITGB3 that determines an in-frame deletion producing the loss of amino acids 647-686 of the betaTD ectodomain of integrin beta(3). Haplotype analysis indicated that the two families inherited the mutation from a common ancestral chromosome. CONCLUSIONS: This novel autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenia associated with platelet dysfunction raises interesting questions about the role of integrin beta(3), and its betaTD domain, in platelet formation and function.

Dominant inheritance of a novel integrin β3 mutation associated with a hereditary macrothrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction in two Italian families

Savoia A.
2009-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Defects of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) are typical of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, an inherited autosomal recessive bleeding disorder characterized by the failure of platelets to aggregate in response to all physiological agonists, but with no abnormalities in the number or size of platelets. Although large heterogeneity has been described for Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, no family has so far been described as having an autosomal dominant form of this disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: We describe two Italian families with moderate thrombocytopenia with large platelets, defective platelet function and moderate/severe mucocutaneous bleeding, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait and associated with a novel integrin beta(3)-gene (ITGB3) mutation. RESULTS: The characteristics of our families are moderate macrothrombocytopenia and defective platelet function associated with a mild reduction of surface alpha(Ib) beta(3), impaired platelet aggregation to physiological agonists but not to ristocetin, normal clot retraction, reduced fibrinogen binding and expression of activated alpha(IIb)beta(3) upon stimulation, normal platelet adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen but reduced platelet spreading and tyrosine phosphorylation, indicating defective alpha(IIb)beta(3)-mediated outside-in signaling. Molecular analysis revealed a novel mutation of ITGB3 that determines an in-frame deletion producing the loss of amino acids 647-686 of the betaTD ectodomain of integrin beta(3). Haplotype analysis indicated that the two families inherited the mutation from a common ancestral chromosome. CONCLUSIONS: This novel autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenia associated with platelet dysfunction raises interesting questions about the role of integrin beta(3), and its betaTD domain, in platelet formation and function.
Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa
Megakaryocytopoiesis
Outside-in signaling
Thrombocytopenia
Base Sequence
Blood Platelets
Blotting
Western
DNA Mutational Analysis
Family Health
Female
Flow Cytometry
Genes
Dominant
Humans
Integrin beta3
Italy
Male
Membrane Glycoproteins
Microscopy
Electron
Pedigree
Platelet Aggregation
Thrombocytopenia
Point Mutation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1064431
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