: Pilomatricoma is a relatively common benign cutaneous adnexal tumor and a well-recognized entity, while its pigmented variant is far less common and less reported. Its estimated frequency ranges from 11 to 24%, according to a limited number of published case series. This article describes the case of a 42-year-old man presenting a firm subcutaneous nodule of the periareolar region. Histopathologic examination revealed a cystic lesion composed of matrical and supramatrical cells accompanied by a foreign body granulomatous cell reaction. Interestingly, a hyperpigmented area with numerous hyperplastic melanocytes and few mitoses was detectable. In order to assess the cell lineage of the mitotically active component in the hyperpigmented area, double immunohistochemistry with Ki67/Mart1 and p63/SOX10 was performed. Pigmented pilomatricoma is an underrecognized, underreported variant, and double immunohistochemistry stain is an effective tool in providing the correct interpretation of the proliferative activity in the different cellular populations.

Ki67/MART1 and p63/SOX10 Dual Immunohistochemistry Allows a Correct Interpretation of the Melanocytic Component in the Diagnosis of Pigmented Pilomatricoma

Ammendola, Serena
;
Bariani, Elena;Tsvetkova, Vassilena;Gisondi, Paolo;Rosina, Paolo;Brunelli, Matteo;Eccher, Albino;
2021

Abstract

: Pilomatricoma is a relatively common benign cutaneous adnexal tumor and a well-recognized entity, while its pigmented variant is far less common and less reported. Its estimated frequency ranges from 11 to 24%, according to a limited number of published case series. This article describes the case of a 42-year-old man presenting a firm subcutaneous nodule of the periareolar region. Histopathologic examination revealed a cystic lesion composed of matrical and supramatrical cells accompanied by a foreign body granulomatous cell reaction. Interestingly, a hyperpigmented area with numerous hyperplastic melanocytes and few mitoses was detectable. In order to assess the cell lineage of the mitotically active component in the hyperpigmented area, double immunohistochemistry with Ki67/Mart1 and p63/SOX10 was performed. Pigmented pilomatricoma is an underrecognized, underreported variant, and double immunohistochemistry stain is an effective tool in providing the correct interpretation of the proliferative activity in the different cellular populations.
Atypical melanocytes; dual immunohistochemistry; pigmented pilomatricoma; pilomatricoma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1056906
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