Purpose: The relation between OSAS and eye diseases is well known in adults, while very few and contradictory data can be found regarding paediatric ages. The aim of this study is to explore the early corneal, macular and optic nerve changes in paediatric patients with OSAS. Methods: Prospective study that enrolled children aged ≥ 4 years referred to the Paediatric Pneumology Clinic in Verona for suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and investigated with the overnight respiratory polygraphy. Patients with apnoea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 1 were classified as OSAS, while those with AHI < 1 were classified non-OSAS. All patients underwent comprehensive eye examination including slit lamp, refraction, intraocular pression (Goldman applanation tonometry), corneal tomography (corneal astigmatism, corneal keratometry at the apex, surface asymmetry index, central corneal thickness and thinnest corneal thickness) and optical coherence tomography (central macular thickness, macular volume and retinal nerve fibre layer). Results: Seventy-two children were enrolled in the study. The overall prevalence of OSAS was 48.6%. Statistically significant differences were found between OSAS and non-OSAS group for corneal asymmetry (0.9 ± 0.5 and 0.6 ± 0.3, respectively; p = 0.02), thinnest corneal thickness (551.8 ± 33.9 and 563.7 ± 32.5; p = 0.04), average retinal nerve fibre layer (102.8 ± 10.5 µm and 98.1 ± 12.3 µm; p = 0.012) and in nasal quadrant (76.2 ± 15.4 µm and 66.5 ± 12.6 µm; p = 0.0002). Conclusions: A comprehensive eye examination with corneal and optic nerve imaging showed early corneal and optic nerve changes in children newly diagnosed with OSAS. These could be prelude of the known ocular manifestations associated with OSAS in adult patients.

Early corneal and optic nerve changes in a paediatric population affected by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Bonacci, Erika;Fasolo, Adriano;Zaffanello, Marco;Merz, Tommaso;Brocoli, Giacomo;Pietrobelli, Angelo;Longo, Rosa;Bosello, Francesca
;
Marchini, Giorgio;Pedrotti, Emilio
2022

Abstract

Purpose: The relation between OSAS and eye diseases is well known in adults, while very few and contradictory data can be found regarding paediatric ages. The aim of this study is to explore the early corneal, macular and optic nerve changes in paediatric patients with OSAS. Methods: Prospective study that enrolled children aged ≥ 4 years referred to the Paediatric Pneumology Clinic in Verona for suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and investigated with the overnight respiratory polygraphy. Patients with apnoea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 1 were classified as OSAS, while those with AHI < 1 were classified non-OSAS. All patients underwent comprehensive eye examination including slit lamp, refraction, intraocular pression (Goldman applanation tonometry), corneal tomography (corneal astigmatism, corneal keratometry at the apex, surface asymmetry index, central corneal thickness and thinnest corneal thickness) and optical coherence tomography (central macular thickness, macular volume and retinal nerve fibre layer). Results: Seventy-two children were enrolled in the study. The overall prevalence of OSAS was 48.6%. Statistically significant differences were found between OSAS and non-OSAS group for corneal asymmetry (0.9 ± 0.5 and 0.6 ± 0.3, respectively; p = 0.02), thinnest corneal thickness (551.8 ± 33.9 and 563.7 ± 32.5; p = 0.04), average retinal nerve fibre layer (102.8 ± 10.5 µm and 98.1 ± 12.3 µm; p = 0.012) and in nasal quadrant (76.2 ± 15.4 µm and 66.5 ± 12.6 µm; p = 0.0002). Conclusions: A comprehensive eye examination with corneal and optic nerve imaging showed early corneal and optic nerve changes in children newly diagnosed with OSAS. These could be prelude of the known ocular manifestations associated with OSAS in adult patients.
Keratoconus
OSAS
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
Paediatric ophthalmology
RNFL
Sleep respiratory disorders
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1051852
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