Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation mainly affecting the joints leading to cartilage and bone destruction. The definition of seropositive or seronegative RA is based on the presence or absence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPAs). Other autoantibodies have been identified in the last decade such as antibodies directed against carbamylated antigens, peptidyl-arginine deiminase type 4 and v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B. In order to identify relevant autoantigens, we screened a random peptide library (RPL) with pooled IgGs obtained from 50 patients with seronegative RA. Patients’ sera were then used in an ELISA test to identify the most frequently recognized peptide among those obtained by screening the RPL. Sera from age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were used as controls. We identified a specific peptide (RA-peptide) recognized by RA patients’ sera, but not by healthy subjects or by patients with other immune-mediated diseases. The majority of sera from seronegative and seropositive RA patients (73.8% and 63.6% respectively) contained IgG antibodies directed against the RA-peptide. Interestingly, this peptide shares homology with some self-antigens, such as Protein-tyrosine kinase 2 beta, B cell scaffold protein, Liprin-alfa1 and Cytotoxic T lymphocyte protein 4. Affinity purified anti-RA-peptide antibodies were able to cross react with these autoantigens. In conclusion, we identified a peptide that is recognized by seropositive and, most importantly, by seronegative RA patients’ sera, but not by healthy subjects, conferring to this epitope a high degree of specificity. This peptide shares also homology with other autoantigens which can be recognized by autoantibodies present in seronegative RA sera. These newly identified autoantibodies, although present also in a percentage of seropositive RA patients, may be considered as novel serum biomarkers for seronegative RA, which lacks the presence of RF and/or ACPAs.

Identification of a novel serological marker in seronegative Rheumatoid Arthritis using the peptide library approach.

Bason Caterina
;
Martinelli Nicola;Olivieri Bianca;Argentino Giuseppe;Beri Ruggero;Jadav Gnaneshwer;Tinazzi Elisa;Lunardi Claudio
2021

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation mainly affecting the joints leading to cartilage and bone destruction. The definition of seropositive or seronegative RA is based on the presence or absence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPAs). Other autoantibodies have been identified in the last decade such as antibodies directed against carbamylated antigens, peptidyl-arginine deiminase type 4 and v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B. In order to identify relevant autoantigens, we screened a random peptide library (RPL) with pooled IgGs obtained from 50 patients with seronegative RA. Patients’ sera were then used in an ELISA test to identify the most frequently recognized peptide among those obtained by screening the RPL. Sera from age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were used as controls. We identified a specific peptide (RA-peptide) recognized by RA patients’ sera, but not by healthy subjects or by patients with other immune-mediated diseases. The majority of sera from seronegative and seropositive RA patients (73.8% and 63.6% respectively) contained IgG antibodies directed against the RA-peptide. Interestingly, this peptide shares homology with some self-antigens, such as Protein-tyrosine kinase 2 beta, B cell scaffold protein, Liprin-alfa1 and Cytotoxic T lymphocyte protein 4. Affinity purified anti-RA-peptide antibodies were able to cross react with these autoantigens. In conclusion, we identified a peptide that is recognized by seropositive and, most importantly, by seronegative RA patients’ sera, but not by healthy subjects, conferring to this epitope a high degree of specificity. This peptide shares also homology with other autoantigens which can be recognized by autoantibodies present in seronegative RA sera. These newly identified autoantibodies, although present also in a percentage of seropositive RA patients, may be considered as novel serum biomarkers for seronegative RA, which lacks the presence of RF and/or ACPAs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1050700
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