For over a decade, there has been intensive work on the numerical and analytic construction of SICs (d(2) equiangular lines in C-d) as an orbit of the Heisenberg group. The Clifford group, which consists of the unitary matrices which normalise the Heisenberg group, plays a key role in these constructions. All of the known fiducial (generating) vectors for such SICs are eigenvectors of symplectic operations in the Clifford group with canonical order 3. Here we describe the Clifford group and the subgroup of symplectic operations in terms of a natural set of generators. From this, we classify all its elements of canonical order three. In particular, we show (contrary to prior claims) that there are symplectic operations of canonical order 3 for d 6 mod 9, which are not conjugate to the Zauner matrix. It is as yet unknown whether these give rise to SICs.

SICs and the elements of order three in the Clifford group

Bos, Leonard Peter
;
2019

Abstract

For over a decade, there has been intensive work on the numerical and analytic construction of SICs (d(2) equiangular lines in C-d) as an orbit of the Heisenberg group. The Clifford group, which consists of the unitary matrices which normalise the Heisenberg group, plays a key role in these constructions. All of the known fiducial (generating) vectors for such SICs are eigenvectors of symplectic operations in the Clifford group with canonical order 3. Here we describe the Clifford group and the subgroup of symplectic operations in terms of a natural set of generators. From this, we classify all its elements of canonical order three. In particular, we show (contrary to prior claims) that there are symplectic operations of canonical order 3 for d 6 mod 9, which are not conjugate to the Zauner matrix. It is as yet unknown whether these give rise to SICs.
Clifford group
symplectic operation
quadratic Gauss sum
Heisenberg group
SIC (symmetric informationally complete positive valued operator measure)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1047141
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