Background: A biallelic intronic AAGGG repeat expansion in the Replication Factor C subunit 1 (RFC1) gene has been recently associated with Cerebellar Ataxia, Neuropathy, Vestibular Areflexia Syndrome, a disorder often presenting as a slowly evolving sensory neuropathy at the onset. "Chronic Idiopathic Axonal Polyneuropathy" (CIAP) is a common indolent axonal neuropathy of adulthood which remains without an identifiable cause despite thorough investigations. Methods: We screened 234 probands diagnosed with CIAP for a pathogenic biallelic RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion. Patients were selected from 594 consecutive patients with neuropathy referred to our tertiary-care center for a sural nerve biopsy over 10 years. Results: The RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion was common in patients with pure sensory neuropathy (21/40, 53%) and less frequent in cases with predominantly sensory (10/56, 18%, P < 0.001) or sensorimotor (3/138, 2%, P < 0.001) neuropathy. The mutation was associated with sensory ataxia (τb = 0.254, P < 0.001), autonomic disturbances (35% vs 8%, Prevalence Odds Ratio-POR 6.73 CI 95% 2.79-16.2, P < 0.001), retained deep tendon reflexes (score 18.0/24 vs 11.5/24, R = 0.275, P < 0.001). On pathology, we observed absent/scant regenerative changes (τb = - 0.362, P < 0.001), concomitant involvement of large (100% and 99%, n.s.), small myelinated (97% vs 81%, POR 7.74 CI 95% 1.03-58.4, P = 0.02) and unmyelinated nerve fibers (85% vs 41%, POR 8.52 CI 95% 3.17-22.9, P < 0.001). Cerebellar or vestibular involvement was similarly rare in the two groups. Conclusions: This study highlights the frequent occurrence of the RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion in patients diagnosed with CIAP and characterizes the clinical and pathological features of the related neuro(no)pathy.

RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion masquerading as Chronic Idiopathic Axonal Polyneuropathy

Tagliapietra, Matteo;Cardellini, Davide;Ferrarini, Moreno;Testi, Silvia;Ferrari, Sergio;Monaco, Salvatore;Cavallaro, Tiziana;Fabrizi, Gian Maria
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: A biallelic intronic AAGGG repeat expansion in the Replication Factor C subunit 1 (RFC1) gene has been recently associated with Cerebellar Ataxia, Neuropathy, Vestibular Areflexia Syndrome, a disorder often presenting as a slowly evolving sensory neuropathy at the onset. "Chronic Idiopathic Axonal Polyneuropathy" (CIAP) is a common indolent axonal neuropathy of adulthood which remains without an identifiable cause despite thorough investigations. Methods: We screened 234 probands diagnosed with CIAP for a pathogenic biallelic RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion. Patients were selected from 594 consecutive patients with neuropathy referred to our tertiary-care center for a sural nerve biopsy over 10 years. Results: The RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion was common in patients with pure sensory neuropathy (21/40, 53%) and less frequent in cases with predominantly sensory (10/56, 18%, P < 0.001) or sensorimotor (3/138, 2%, P < 0.001) neuropathy. The mutation was associated with sensory ataxia (τb = 0.254, P < 0.001), autonomic disturbances (35% vs 8%, Prevalence Odds Ratio-POR 6.73 CI 95% 2.79-16.2, P < 0.001), retained deep tendon reflexes (score 18.0/24 vs 11.5/24, R = 0.275, P < 0.001). On pathology, we observed absent/scant regenerative changes (τb = - 0.362, P < 0.001), concomitant involvement of large (100% and 99%, n.s.), small myelinated (97% vs 81%, POR 7.74 CI 95% 1.03-58.4, P = 0.02) and unmyelinated nerve fibers (85% vs 41%, POR 8.52 CI 95% 3.17-22.9, P < 0.001). Cerebellar or vestibular involvement was similarly rare in the two groups. Conclusions: This study highlights the frequent occurrence of the RFC1 AAGGG repeat expansion in patients diagnosed with CIAP and characterizes the clinical and pathological features of the related neuro(no)pathy.
Cerebellar Ataxia
Chronic Idiopathic Axonal Neuropathy
Neuropathy
Replication factor C subunit 1
Vestibular Areflexia Syndrome
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Tagliapietra2021_Article_RFC1AAGGGRepeatExpansionMasque.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: CC BY 4.0 publisher version
Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.48 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.48 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1042498
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact