Flavours extracted from oak wood during barrel ageing contribute to the organoleptic character of wines and spirits. The aim of this work was to identify the glycosidic precursors of the key volatile compounds responsible for oak wood aroma. Oak extract is a very complex matrix and, furthermore, precursors are present in very small quantities. Preparative centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) is a promising solution for purifying the oak extract. The solvent system was selected on the basis of the partition coefficient of glycosidase enzyme activity (Kca). Thanks to the efficacy of CPC separation, three glucoside gallates were subsequently isolated by HPLC chromatography. Vanillin-(6'-O-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl-(6'-O-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and (6R,9R)-3-oxo-alpha-ionol-9-O-(6'-O-galloyl)-beta-glucopyranoside (macarangioside E) were isolated and identified. This was the first time that vanillin-(6'-O-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside was identified and the first time that macarangioside E was isolated from oak wood. Heating macarangioside E resulted in the formation of megastigmatrienone, which has an aroma reminiscent of tobacco. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Centrifugal partition chromatography applied to the isolation of oak wood aroma precursors

Davide Slaghenaufi
;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Flavours extracted from oak wood during barrel ageing contribute to the organoleptic character of wines and spirits. The aim of this work was to identify the glycosidic precursors of the key volatile compounds responsible for oak wood aroma. Oak extract is a very complex matrix and, furthermore, precursors are present in very small quantities. Preparative centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) is a promising solution for purifying the oak extract. The solvent system was selected on the basis of the partition coefficient of glycosidase enzyme activity (Kca). Thanks to the efficacy of CPC separation, three glucoside gallates were subsequently isolated by HPLC chromatography. Vanillin-(6'-O-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl-(6'-O-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and (6R,9R)-3-oxo-alpha-ionol-9-O-(6'-O-galloyl)-beta-glucopyranoside (macarangioside E) were isolated and identified. This was the first time that vanillin-(6'-O-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside was identified and the first time that macarangioside E was isolated from oak wood. Heating macarangioside E resulted in the formation of megastigmatrienone, which has an aroma reminiscent of tobacco. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
3,4,5-Trimethoxyphenyl
3-Oxo-α-ionol
Centrifugal partition chromatography
Glucoside gallate precursors
Oak wood
Vanillin
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Flavoring Agents
Glycosides
Quercus
Volatile Organic Compounds
Wood
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1038583
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